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What factors increase Hanna’s risk for iron deficiency anemia?

What factors increase Hanna’s risk for iron deficiency anemia?

Hanna is a 23-year old graduate student from South Carolina. She has been working long hours and is always tired. She tries to eat a healthy diet, she has been a lacto-ovo vegetarian for the past six months,

What factors increase Hanna’s risk for iron deficiency anemia?

Hanna goes to the health center to see if there is a medical reason for her exhaustion. A nurse draws her blood to check her for anemia. The results of Hanna’s blood work are summarized in the figure below:

 

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Does Hanna have iron deficiency anemia? Why or why not?

Hanna meets with a dietitian. A diet analysis shows that because she consumes no meat, much of her protein comes from dairy products. She consumes about four servings a dairy, eight servings of whole grains, three fresh fruits, and about a cup of cooked vegetables daily. She drinks four glasses of iced tea daily. Her average iron intake is about 12mg/day.

Name three dietary factors that put Hanna are risk for iron deficiency.

 

Suggest two changes Hanna could make to increase her iron intake while sticking with her lacto-ovo vegetarian diet.

 

What could Hanna add to her diet to increase absorption of the non-heme iron she consumes?