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week two capstone a2



Program Evaluation Designs
Comment by Laurie Slifka: Welcome to Capstone I! Thank you for completing the first assignment. I am looking forward to reviewing your work.

Barbara Maclure Comment by Laurie Slifka: Make sure to center this and remove running head (APA 7 format)

Keiser University Online

Capstone 1


Program Evaluation Designs


There are distinct types of designs which can be utilized in the evaluation of programs. Given that each type of program is unique, it is vital to select an evaluation that is in line with the program goals as well as the evaluation of the research questions, the key aim of the evaluation and the available resources (Suresh, S,.2018).  The evaluation needs to be designed to effectively answer the given evaluation research questions. To effectively evaluate the impact that a given program has on the participant’s health results as well as behaviors and even knowledge, there are distinct potential designs that can be used as highlighted in the following paper. Comment by Laurie Slifka: Make sure to use APA format for citations Comment by Laurie Slifka: Would be helpful to list the different types of designs (acts as a roadmap for the reader)

What are the advantages and disadvantages of each design?

The different designs illustrated in the book are the mixed methods as well as qualitative evaluation, the formative evaluation, and the summative evaluation. The mixed methods are essential in the comprehensive understanding of the contradictions between the identified quantitative outcomes as well as qualitative findings. They are essential as they act as a reflection of the point of view of the participants. They also help in giving a voice to the study participants and in making sure that the identified Study findings are effectively grounded in the experiences of the participants. It is also vital in helping for the increment of findings reliability as well as credibility via the triangulation regarding the distinctions evidence outcomes (Fink, A,.2015). The disadvantages entails that the identified data needs to be effectively transformed in a way so that the give types of data can be effectively integrated in the identified analysis, which can be challenging. Inequality in the distinct methods can also lead to unequal level of evidence in the evaluation which can cause an in the interpretation of the results. Comment by Laurie Slifka: A reader may not know what the book is. Need to use proper APA citations Comment by Laurie Slifka: Make sure you are using correct APA format

The second method is the formative evaluation. The key strength regarding this evaluation is one that lies in the critical information it offers regarding the whole evaluation process. It also offers a timely as well as action-oriented type of evaluation and in altering anything in the most appropriate way. The disadvantage is that they can consume a lot of time which leads to time wastage. The summative evaluation has key Strengths in that it is involved in the determination of the achievement of the program in the most feasible way. It is also ideal for future records. It is also essential in the cases for self-improvement (Fink, A,.2015). Comment by Laurie Slifka: This would flow better if each section was a different type of design and you discussed the specifics of the design as well as the pros/cons Comment by Laurie Slifka: Need to explain to reader what this is

The key disadvantages are that they need to be taught due to the increment in the standardized tastings which can be highly inconveniencing. The qualitative evaluation method is advantageous in that it helps in offering specific insights to a program as well as it helps in understanding of attitudes and the process is open minded and incorporates human experiences. The disadvantage is that it takes time as well as the responses are subjective as well as the interpretations. The evaluation method is also not generalizable (Fink, A,2015). Comment by Laurie Slifka: What is citation for all of this?

Provide an example of a situation that would be well served by each type of design.

Formative evaluations are evaluations that are used in learning. They are informal. They are utilized in offering the learners as well as the instructor with a key gauge of where their identified level of comprehension is now. It helps in judging the significance of the program while the activities of the program are in session. A good example of a case that would require the use of formative evaluation is whereby a hospital is implementation electronic medical records training and uses it to evaluate how well the program is going on. The summative evaluations are aimed at offering a package regarding the outcomes utilized in the assessment of whether an identified program works or not. Comment by Laurie Slifka: What are they specifically? Comment by Laurie Slifka: Should relate this to program evaluation

These programs are dominating the medical field when it comes to the evaluation of the ECEC programs. This can be used in the evaluation of how well the staff attained knowledge after the training session. The qualitative evaluation is essential in offering the capability to attain a comprehensive comprehension regarding the program such as a training program on electronic health records in the hospital. Mixed method type of evaluation can be used in the systematic integration of the distinct kinds of data often attained from the distinct evaluation designs. This can be in the evaluation of the overall training method to attain accuracy at different stages of the training session (Fink, A,.2015).

Explain why a baseline data design would be appropriate for evaluating mental health and substance abuse programs.

The baseline data design can help in serving as an effective as well as a comprehensive starting point for the purpose of comparison. It may be utilized in the evaluation of alterations as well as in tracking the progress regarding an enhancement project or even in the measurement of the distinctions between two periods of time in the case of the evaluation of the programs in mental health as well as substance abuse types of programs (Gifford, R,.2016). Comment by Laurie Slifka: Does not comprehensively explain why it is the preferred for program evaluation


Gifford, R. (2016). Research methods for environmental psychology. Chichester: Wiley Blackwell.

Suresh, S. (2018). Nursing Research and Statistics.

Fink, A. (2015). Evaluation Fundamentals: Insights into Program Effectiveness, Quality, and Value.