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PhD Prospectus Form

Students | Complete your doctoral prospectus within this form. Write your responses in the white spaces using a scholarly tone and include in-text
citations and APA reference entries, where appropriate. You can click on underlined terms and headings for descriptions, resource links, and
examples located in the Appendix. For additional prospectus information and resources, refer to the Doctoral Research Coach. Complete the Research
Design Alignment Table within this form using the information from earlier sections and self-assess your research design alignment. Submit this
completed form into MyDR for formal evaluation and feedback when your committee chair indicates that you are ready to do so.

Student’s Name | Jamah Riddick Student ID | A01049476

Program and Specialization* | Forensic Psychology; self-specialization Submission Date | Click arrow to select a

date.

*Remember that your study focus must be within the realm of your program and specialization area.

Evaluators Only | Complete this section and provide feedback on responses and rubric scores in the form where noted.

Committee Chairperson Name: Click or tap here to enter text. Overall Assessment: Choose score.
Second Committee Member Name: Click or tap here to enter text. Overall Assessment: Choose score.
PhD Program Director: Click or tap here to enter text. Overall Assessment: Choose score.

Rubric Standard | Complete > Does the prospectus contain all the required elements? Refer to the annotated outline to see the required parts of the
Dissertation Prospectus document.

Note. Please complete following the directions provided, using the stem sentences, and referring to the examples in the appendix.

Title
In 12 words or less, what is the working title for this study? Include the topic, variables/concepts and relationship between them, and the most critical keywords.

Impact of cartoons on children and their brain development

Supporting Literature
The first step in developing your prospectus is to search the literature related to the general area you want to investigate (see the social problem below). In your
review of the recent, empirical literature, what keywords did you search and in what databases?

The keywords and databases searched included; child behavior, cognitive development, aggression, cartoon

Provide at least 10 brief summaries of recent, scholarly (peer-reviewed) articles that support/justify a current and relevant problem in your discipline or
professional field. Source(s) supporting your framework should be included. Include the complete, APA reference entry, followed by (a) an in-text citation; (b)
what was studied; (c) what was found, and (d) why this research is important in relation to your study. This evidence provides the justification for your research
problem.

Ghilzai, S., Alam, R., Ahmad, R., Shaukat, A., & Shahum, S. (2017). Impact of Cartoon Programs on Children’s Language and Behaviour.
Insights in Language Society and Culture, 2, 104-126.

Ghilzai et al. (2017), determines the effect of cartoon programs on children’s language and behavior. They found that children tend to imitate
cartoons. This affects their mind and their ability to acquire other moral as well as social values. The study will enable us to learn how cartoons impact
children’s behavior.
Wijethilaka, T. (2020). Effects of Cartoons on Children.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/345066689_Effect_of_cartoons_on_children
The study by Wijethilaka (2020) identifies the impacts of cartoons on children. Children tend to accept the influence as well as information that
impacts his character in the future. Cartoons tend to attract the kids shapes especially their behavior.
Habib, K., & Soliman, T. (2015). Cartoons’ Effect in Chnaging Children Mental Response and Behaviour. Open Journal of Social Sciences,

3(9). http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=59815& – abstract
Habib and Soliman (2015), identified the impacts of cartoons on children’s mental response and behavior. They found that cartoons tend to sculpture
the kid’s way of thinking. Cartoons are normally awarded much time by the kids in comparison to any other activity. The study will enable us to
identify how cartoons impact the kind’s mental health.
Ramesh, A. (2021). Effect of Violent Cartoons on Children’s Behavior and Mental State. Lifestyle and Wellness. Retrieved from

https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/effect-of-violent-cartoons-on-childrens-behavior-and-mental-state.htm#what-
is-the-role-of-media-in-childrens-lives

According to Ramesh (2021), average kids are exposed to 2 lakh violent behavior on TV by the age of 18. The majority of the cartoon bring out
violence in a comical as well as effective way. The study identifies the effects of cartoons on children as well as the ways to manage this.
Meng, Q., Sheng, X., Zhao, J., Wang, Y., & Su, Z. (2020). Influence of Mothers/Grandmothers Coviewing Cartoons with Children on

Children’s Viewing Experience. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1232. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389%2Ffpsyg.2020.01232
According to Meng, et al. (2020), watching cartoons is an essential event in kids’ early lives. This tends to be very influential on various factors for
instance kids’ cognitive and behavioral development. They recommend that parents should view cartoons with kids to assist them filter as well as
identify essential content.
Banchonhattakit, P., Duangsong, R., Muangsom, N., Kamsong, T., & Phangwan, K. (2015). Effectiveness of brain-based learning and animated cartoons

for enhancing healthy habits among school children in Khon Kaen, Thailand. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 27(2), NP2028-NP2039.
The study aims at investigating the impact of brain-based learning and animated cartoons in improving the healthy habits of school children. Cartoons
tend to have led to positive improvement in healthy practices.
Rashid, A. (2015). Impact of television cartoon channels on children in India. Journal of Indian Research, 3(2), 64-72. https://jir.mewaruniversity.org/wp-

content/uploads/2021/03/JIR%20Volume%203,%20Issue%202,%20Apr-Jun%202015.pdf#page=70
Rashid (2015), majors on identifying the effect of cartoon channels on Television viewing kids. They found out that the effect of cartoon channels on kids is
immense. Kids tend to spend more time watching cartoons s and getting information on the type of cartoon characters and getting familiar with their dress, actions,

and names of all cartoon names. The evaluation will enable us to identify the effects of cartoons on kids.
Schiau, S., Plitea, I., GUSIŢĂ, A., Pjekny, S., & Iancu, I. (2013). How do cartoons teach children? A comparative analysis on preschoolers and

schoolchildren. Journal of Media Research, 6(3).
Schiau, et al. (2013) evaluate the cartoons that are most popular in regard to kindergarten and school children and if they have an effect on their
behavior. The results show that there is a specific level of influence that is as a result of cartoons. They tend to mainly impact the language levels
among the kids.
Lodhi, M. A., Ibrar, S. N., Shamim, M., & Naz, S. (2018). Linguistic analysis of selected TV cartoons and its impact on language learning. International
Journal of English Linguistics, 8(5), 247.
Lodhi and his associates (2018), aims at identifying the positive and negative roles that cartoons play. Carton tends to misinform the kids in real-life.
The study will allow us to identify the effect of cartoons on language learning.
Rubric Standard | Justified > Is evidence presented that this problem is significant to the discipline and/or professional field? The prospectus
should provide relevant statistics and evidence, documentable discrepancies, and other scholarly facts that point to the significance and urgency of the problem.

Problem
What was the social problem that prompted you to search the literature to find out more? Write in complete sentences using a scholarly tone.

Currently, cartoons tend to be an integral part of kid’s life. Cartoons have impacted the thinking, intellectual as well as communicative capacities of
kids. Cartoons have a number of aspects that tend to promote violence as well as aggression.

Now that you have read and summarized some of the recent literature to understand your problem, and given what other researchers are exploring, what
meaningful gap have you identified that your study will address? (What have others not yet explored about this problem that you will contribute with your
study?)

The researchers have majored in the effect of cartoons on the kids’ development. However, there are few studies on the various techniques that can be
used to manage the impact of cartoons on children.

Based on all of the above information (social problem, literature review, gap), in one sentence, what is your research problem ?

There is no doubt that cartoons have a major impact on children, it is, therefore, essential to identify how they impact kids as well as the techniques
that can be used in managing these impacts.

Rubric Standard | Meaningful > Has a meaningful problem and gap in the research literature been identified? In other words, is addressing this
problem the logical next step, given the previous exploratory and confirmatory research (or lack thereof) on this topic? It is not acceptable to simply replicate
previous research for a Ph.D. degree.

Rubric Standard | Original > Does this project have potential to make an original contribution? The problem must be an authentic “puzzle” that needs
solving, not merely a topic that the researcher finds interesting. Addressing the problem should result in an original contribution to the field or discipline.

Purpose
To address your stated research problem, what is the purpose of your study? Will you describe, compare, explore, examine, etc.? Complete the purpose
sentence below and be sure to clarify your variables/concepts of interest.

The purpose of this qualitative study is to identify the impact of cartoons on children and the appropriate ways to manage these impacts.

Framework (Conceptual or Theoretical)
What theory(ies) and/or concept(s) support (frame) your study and who are the original authors? Provide an in-text citation with your response, and the
complete APA reference entry with summary in the Supporting Literature section.

The theories and/or concepts that ground this study include social learning theory, which proposes that new behaviors can be attained through
observing as well as imitating others.

How do these theories and/or concepts relate to your research problem, purpose, and the nature of your study?

The theory majors on trying to evaluate the observation of behavior, learning as well take place through the observation of rewards as well as
punishment.

Rubric Standard | Grounded > Is the problem framed to enable the researcher to either build upon or counter the previously published findings
on the topic? For most fields, grounding involves articulating the problem within the context of a theoretical base or conceptual framework. Although many
approaches can ground a study in the scientific literature, the essential requirement is that the problem is framed such that the new findings will have
implications for the previous findings.

Research Question(s) and Hypotheses (if applicable)
List the question(s) that you plan to use to address the research problem. Your question(s) must align with your study purpose and include the variables and/or
concepts and how they will be examined.

How kids are psychologically impacted to be addicted to cartoon watching?
How do parents control and manage their kids that are watching cartons?
How do cartoons influence violence on kids?

Nature of the Study
What systematic approach/method and research design do you plan to use to address your research question(s)?

To address the research questions in a quantitative method study, the specific research design will include a questionnaire and survey method.

For your planned research design, what type of data will you need and what data collection tools and sources will provide it?

For my planned research design, I will need social media platforms and applications which may include Facebook and WhatsApp.

What data points from these sources do you plan to use to answer your research question(s)?

Brain development, emotions, mental stability, moral development, imitation, learning capacity, and health problems

What limitations, challenges, and/or barriers might you need to address while conducting this study (e.g., access to participants, access to data, requirements for
storing data, separation of roles or other ethical considerations, instrumentation fees, etc.)?

The main limitations that I may face when conducting this study are accessibility to participants and quality data. At times it is hard to identify
participants that can provide high-quality data.

Rubric Standard | Feasible > Can a systematic method of inquiry be used to address the problem; and does the approach have the potential to
address the problem while considering potential risks and burdens placed on research participants? The tentative methodology demonstrates that
the researcher has considered the options for inquiry and has selected an approach that has the potential to address the problem.

Significance
How will your study address the meaningful, discipline-specific issue that you identified and therefore contribute to your field, discipline, professional practice,
etc. contributing to positive social change?

My study will identify the impact of cartoons on children both positive and negative. My study will identify the various methods that can be
implemented to deal with the negative impacts of cartoons which will contribute to positive social change.

Rubric Standard | Impact > Does this project have potential to affect positive social change? As described in the Significance section, the anticipated
findings have the potential to support the mission of Walden University to promote positive social change.

Rubric Standard | Objective > Is the topic approached in an objective manner? The framing of the problem should not reveal bias or present a foregone
conclusion. Even if the researcher has a strong opinion on the expected findings, the researcher must maximize scholarly objectivity by framing the problem in the
context of a systematic inquiry that permits multiple possible conclusions.

Partner Site Masking Self-Check
Walden capstones typically mask the identity of the partner organization. The methodological and ethical reasons for this practice as well as criteria for
exceptions are outlined here (link to posted guidance).

X Check here to confirm that you will mask the identity of the organization in the final capstone that you publish in ProQuest.

☐ If you perceive that your partner organization’s identity would be impossible to mask or if there is a strong rationale for naming the organization in your
capstone, please check this box so that your Program Director can review your request for an exception. If granted, that exception must be confirmed by the IRB
during the ethics review process. The IRB will also ensure that your consent form(s) and/or site agreement(s) permit naming the organization.

Research Design Alignment Table | Using an alignment table can assist with ensuring the alignment of your research design.
Research Design Alignment Table Video Tutorial (YouTube) | Doctoral Research Design Alignment Appointments or Office Hours

Note. At the prospectus stage, not all items in the table below can be identified (e.g., data points, data analysis). Please complete the items that you have identified
in this form. During proposal development, you will revisit this plan to adjust, as needed, and finalize your research design.

Research Problem,
Purpose, and Framework

Provide one sentence for each.
These must align with all rows.

Research Question(s), Method,
& Design

List one or more RQs, as needed;
select method; identify design. Use a
separate form for additional RQs.

Data Collection Tools & Data
Sources

List the instrument(s) and people,
artifacts, or records that will provide
the data for each RQ.

Data Points
List the variables, specific
interview questions, scales,
etc. that will be used for
each RQ.

Data Analysis
Briefly describe the
statistical or qualitative
analysis that will address
each RQ.

Problem There is no doubt
that cartoon have a major
impact on children, it is,
therefore, essential to
identify how they impact
kids as well as the
techniques that can be used
in managing these impacts.
Purpose The purpose of this
qualitative study is to
identify the impact of
cartoons on children and
the appropriate ways to
manage these impacts.
Framework: The theories
and/or concepts that ground
this study include social
learning theory, it proposes
that new behaviors can be
attained through observing
as well as imitating others.

RQ1: How kids are
psychologically impacted to be
addicted to cartoon watching?
Method: qualitative study
Design: surveying.

Facebook and what Sapp Psychology, cartoon, kids Content analysis: involves
categorizing verbal as well
as behavioral data to
classify, and summarize
data

RQ2: How do parents control
and manage their kids that are
watching carton?.
Method: qualitative study
Design: Questionnaire.

Facebook and WhatsApp Parents, cartoons, kids Content analysis: involves
categorizing verbal as well
as behavioral data to
classify and summarize data

RQ3: How do cartoons influence
violence on kids

Method: qualitative study
Design: Questionnaire.

Facebook and WhatsApp Cartoons, violence and
kids.

Content analysis: involves
categorizing verbal as well
as behavioral data to
classify, and summarize
data

Note. The information in the first column must align with all rows, and each individual RQ row must show alignment across the columns for that row.

Once your Research Design Alignment Table is completed, reflect on your design alignment. Ask yourself:
1. Is there a logical progression from the research problem to the purpose of the study?

2. Does the identified framework ground the investigation into the stated problem?

3. Do the problem, purpose, and framework in the left-hand column align with the RQ(s) (all rows)?

4. Does each RQ address the problem and align with the purpose of the study?

5. Does the information across each individual row match/align with the RQ listed for that row?

• By row, will the variables listed address the RQ?
• By row, will the analysis address the RQ?
• By row, can the analysis be completed with the data points that will be collected?

Rubric Standard | Aligned > Do the various aspects of the prospectus align overall? The nature of the study should align with the problem,
research questions, and tentative approaches to inquiry.

Appendix

The Doctoral Prospectus

The Doctoral Prospectus is a brief document that provides preliminary information about your dissertation research and is used in two ways:
● It serves as the tentative plan for developing the proposal and is evaluated to ensure doctoral-level work (e.g., feasibility, alignment, etc.).
● It provides information used to assign the committee University Research Reviewer.

Prospectus milestone approval from the committee chair, second committee member, and a program-level designee is required for you to move forward and work
on your proposal. The plan is subject to change, and parts of your research design may need to be adjusted after you complete your exhaustive review of the
literature during proposal development.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Title

Quantitative (QN) Example
Differences in the Quality of Problem Statements Written Throughout the Capstone

Qualitative (QL) Example
How Online Doctoral Students Develop a Dissertation Problem Statement

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Background Literature

Probably the most important step in the research process is searching recent, peer-reviewed literature and reading articles related to the general area you want to
investigate. The area is based on an identified social problem. As you read and learn, you will narrow your focus. This is how you will identify a discipline-specific
research problem.

[Note: Scholarly, empirical articles and how to find them.]

First, you’ll need to determine your search terms or keywords and the databases you should search. As you conduct your search of the literature, stay organized by
keeping a search log.

Search Log Example

Database Search Terms Results Notes

Thoreau online doctoral program completion; limited to peer-reviewed, 2016-present 1175 Search too broad; Narrow by using multiple terms

Thoreau
online doctoral program completion AND ABD; limited to peer-reviewed, 2016-
present

13 Much better; Several relevant articles found

Education Source Etc.

Example for this Form
The keywords and databases searched included ABD , online doctoral program completion , doctoral capstone completion , online research training , and online
learning in the databases Education Source, ERIC, and SAGE Journals, as well as in a Thoreau multidatabase search.

As you read and evaluate literature, you also need to organize your research. A literature review matrix is one way to help you visualize what has and hasn’t been
done in your field. It will help you understand the scholarly works related to your area of interest. The importance of organizing and recording your review of
literature cannot be overstated. You will refer to your notes as you write, so start on the right track from the beginning!
[Suggestion: If you keep your search log in an Excel workbook, use the second tab in the same workbook for your literature review matrix.]

For this form, including the complete, APA reference entry and (a) an in-text citation; (b) what they studied; (c) what they found; and (d) why this is important in
relation to your study. This evidence provides the justification for your research problem. These sources provide justification that this problem is meaningful to the
discipline or professional field. These references should ideally be from the past 5 years. Reference entries related to the framework should be included here, too.
[Note: During proposal development, you will conduct an exhaustive review and synthesize your sources, rather than summarize.]

Example (for one article; at least 10 are required)
Ismail, H. M., Majid, F. A., & Ismail, I. S. (2013). “It’s complicated” relationship: Research students’ perspective on doctoral supervision. Procedia – Social and

Behavioral Sciences , 90 , 165–170. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.07.078

(a) Ismail, Majid, and Ismail (2013); (b) focused on the student experience with supervision while learning to conduct research; (c) found three issues of lack
of positive communication, lack of expertise, and power conflicts; and (d) this is important in relation to my study because it may help explain progress on
the development of a problem statement in the capstone process.

Rubric Standard | Justified > Is evidence presented that this problem is significant to the discipline and/or professional field?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Problem
Social Problem

The situation or issue being experienced by a population or within your discipline that prompted you to search the literature to find out more is sometimes called a
social problem. It is the issue that students see “on the ground” so to speak. The social problem is often what prompts students to think about a topic of interest.
Usually, such a topic is one that students identify with, sometimes having personally experienced some aspect of the problem as it exists in the world.

Example
The issue that prompted me to search the literature is the low completion rate of students in doctoral programs. It is common knowledge in the education discipline
that only about half of the students who enter doctoral programs will complete, and the lack of progress is often due to the dissertation process. A search in The
Chronicle of Higher Education will result in numerous articles about supporting doctoral students with their capstone research to improve the completion rates of
doctoral programs.

Gap

The need to address an identified gap in the research literature must be clear and there must be current relevance to the discipline and area of practice. Keep in
mind that a gap in the research is not, in and of itself, a reason to conduct research. The gap relates to the rubric standard: Meaningful.

Example
Although researchers have investigated this issue, there is very little or no literature on the development of problem statements by students in online doctoral
programs.

Research Problem

A research problem is a focused topic of concern, a condition to be improved upon, or a troubling question that is supported in scholarly literature or theory that you
study to understand in more detail, and that can lead to recommendations for resolutions. It is the research problem that drives the rest of the dissertation: the
purpose, the research questions, and the methodology.

QN Example
In one sentence, the specific research problem is that it is not known whether the quality of problem statements written by online doctoral students varies over
time in the program.

QL Example
In one sentence, the specific research problem is that there is a lack of information on how online doctoral students go about developing their research problem
statement for their dissertations.

Rubric Standard | Meaningful > Has a meaningful problem and gap in the research literature been identified?

Rubric Standard | Original > Does this project have potential to make an original contribution?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Purpose

To address your stated research problem, what is the purpose of your study? Will you describe, compare, explore, examine, etc.? Be sure to clarify your
variables/concepts of interest. For example:
● In quantitative studies, state what needs be studied by describing two or more factors (variables) and a conjectured relationship among them related to the

identified gap or problem.
● In qualitative studies, describe the need for increased understanding about the issue to be studied, based on the identified gap or problem.
● In mixed-methods studies, with both quantitative and qualitative aspects, clarify how the two approaches will be used together to inform the study.

QN Example
The purpose of this quantitative study is to examine differences in the quality of problem statements written by doctoral students in online programs during the
various stages of their doctoral studies.

QL Example
The purpose of this qualitative study is to improve the understanding of the process by which doctoral students in online programs arrive at a viable problem
statement for their dissertations.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Framework

The framework includes the theories and/or concepts relevant to your topic. Align the framework with the problem, purpose, research questions, and background
of your study. This theoretical or conceptual framework is the basis for understanding, designing, and analyzing ways to investigate your research problem (data
collection and analysis). Provide the original scholarly literature (citing original authors) on the theory and/or concepts, even if it is more than 5 years old. Please do
not cite secondary sources.

Example Theoretical Framework
The theories and/or concepts that ground this study include Perry’s (1970) theory of epistemological development.

Example Conceptual Framework
The theories and/or concepts that ground this study include Perry’s (1970) theory of epistemological development, focusing specifically on the concepts of online

learning and the pedagogical challenges associated with online learning and dissertation writing.

Next, explain how these theories and/or concepts relate to your research problem, purpose, and the nature of your study. Your topic/approach should align with
the identified framework so that you will either build upon or counter the previously published findings on the topic.

Example Connection for the Theoretical Framework
The logical connections between the framework presented and my study approach include Perry’s theoretical work, which has been used extensively in all aspects
of higher education, albeit more frequently with undergraduates than with doctoral students. The approach provides details on cognitive-structural changes that
emerge as a result of development and learning.

Example Connection for the Conceptual Framework
The logical connections between the framework presented and my study approach include Perry’s theoretical work, which has been used extensively in all aspects
of higher education, albeit more frequently with undergraduates than with doctoral students. Further, subsequent research and application of Perry’s theory offer
guidance on ways to facilitate academic development, thus allowing for insight into the pedagogical challenge of the dissertation.

Rubric Standard | Grounded > Is the problem framed to enable the researcher to either build upon or counter the previously published findings on the
topic?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Research Question(s) and Hypotheses (if applicable)

List the overarching question and/or a series of related questions that are informed by the study purpose, that will be used to address the research problem. A
research question informs the research design by providing a foundation for:
● generation of null and alternative hypotheses in quantitative studies,
● questions necessary to build the design structure for qualitative studies, and
● a process by which different methods will work together in mixed-methods studies.

QN Example
RQ1: Based on objective ratings by doctoral faculty, what are the differences in the overall quality of problem statements as students progress through the doctoral
study process?
H01—Based on objective ratings by doctoral faculty, there are no statistically significant differences in the overall quality of problem statements as students progress
through the doctoral study process.

H1—Based on objective ratings by doctoral faculty, there are statistically significant differences in the overall quality of problem statements as students progress
through the doctoral study process.

QL Example
For students with a high-quality problem statement at the dissertation stage, what themes emerge in their reports of the process that they used to develop it?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Nature of the Study

Explain the systematic approach/method and research design you plan to use to address your research question(s). Examples of study des