Computer Science Professions and Lack of Jobs
Computer Science Professions and Lack of Job
Computer science has several professions, including web designer, software developer, computer scientist, computer hardware engineer, and engineer. The software developer occupation, also known as computer programming or coding, involves the creation of computer software. The software developer occupation is based on analyzing the users’ needs and designing and developing software that meets those needs. The engineers design, test, analyze, invent, and build structures, machines, machines, complex systems, materials, and gadgets to fulfil requirements and functional objectives considering the imposed limitations by cost, practicality, safety, and regulation (Demir et al.,2019). Computer science is a profession that involves using technology to solve a range of different problems. It involves working on things such as building software that enables robots and autonomous drones. Web designing or programming is an occupation that specializes in worldwide web development of applications through the client to server model. The main aim of this profession is to create and maintain websites. It also ensures the performance capacity of the websites. Computer hardware engineering involves designing, testing, researching , and developing systems of computers and components such as processors, routers, networks, circuit boards, and memory devices.
There is a lack of jobs for computer science professions. There have been poor prospects of employment for computer science graduates despite the tech skills shortage in the market and increase in IT jobs. Several people with bachelor’s and master’s degrees in computer science find it difficult to get a job in the IT industry. The rate of unemployment has increased to 7.8%. Even though most companies in the U.S claim to have a tech skills shortage, it is a contradictory situation because there are no employment opportunities for computer science professionals. Failure to have real-time practical experience makes most companies take approximately 50% longer for them to hire a candidate compared to other recruiters. This is because they seek to recruit highly qualified developers who have exceptional skills in coding.
Despite the claim by many companies to need tech skills, most computer science professional graduates have found it difficult to get employment. In short, there has been an increased lack of jobs for many computer science professionals in the market. Most companies have delayed recruiting an individual to take IT jobs in their companies for the desire of highly experienced software developer, web designer, engineer, computer hardware engineer, and computer scientist for this post.
There has been a lack of employment for computer science graduates even though tech companies exist and claim to need tech skills personnel. While other companies that deal with other professionals recruit more often, the tech companies take along to do recruitment. This is because they focus more on the hands-on skills experience than graduates’ theoretical knowledge (Huang et al.,2020).
The inflating computer science professionals’ unemployment and the reason the tech companies fail to hire them is influenced by some factors, including the outdated curriculum. The curriculum of computer science focuses on low-level programming. This curriculum teaches more fundamental and theoretical concepts without revision from one year to another. The students’ knowledge is confined because the curriculum is outdated and focuses on the general basics of programming. In this case, most computer science graduates only have fundamental knowledge of software development, algorithms, and computer language theory.
Lack of the right tech skills is another factor leading to unemployment in the computer science profession. IT technology is important over trending technologies, such as java web development, Big Data, automation, cloud computing, and machine learning. Many tech companies have preferences when recruiting, including the latest technologies usage proficiency. They prefer individuals who can use the new technologies compared to computer science graduates who have no IT projects and essential software development skills.
The fast technology evolution leads to a lack of employment for computer science professionals. There is an ever-changing environment that information technology provides and which goes on evolving every hour. There is a need to adopt an agile learning approach to sustain the changing settings because the traditional learning methods do not prepare students to cope with the technical sphere’s dynamic nature (Gao et al.,2019). Additionally, due to their limited scope of study, computer science professionals find it challenging to accommodate the technological changes.
Failure to have real-time experience also contributes to unemployment among computer science professionals. Practical experience is more significant in the IT sector than the theoretical knowledge that computer science graduates acquire. Employers will prefer to hire professionals who have real-time experience in AWS, Java, DevOps, Python, and MERN stack, among other modern frameworks. Therefore, computer science graduates need to get some field experience to meet the latest standards of hiring tech companies. The companies will forgo hiring a recent graduate for fear of risking their reputation through low-quality work provision.
Another factor affecting unemployment in the computer science professions is the access to ready-made IT talent from outsourcing. The tech companies’ employers tend to outsource efficient resources to bridge the IT skills gap, and this assists the companies to get skilled developers, which prompts actions without the need for training. This makes the computer science graduates who have no practice experience remain unemployed and increase their chances of not getting employed in their field of study for failure to get jobs where they can increase their experience. This makes them remain with the same theoretical skills they acquired in class hence limited chances of getting employment.
Hiring foreign workers on E-2, H1, and L-1, or even B1 visas is another factor influencing the lack of jobs for computer science professionals. Top companies such as Amazon, Deloitte, and Microsoft hire foreign employees by getting E-2, H1B, L-1, and B1 visas. In the U.S, IT companies globally employ the best talent regardless of nationality to stay competitive. This means that the local computer science professionals end up losing their chances of developing their skills and experience and getting employment (Wang & Siau,2019). The department of labour for the U.S projects that by the end of 2020, approximately 1.4 million computer specialist jobs will be created. Still, out of these job positions, 29% of them will be occupied by U.S universities graduates, whereas the remaining will be occupied by the shortage filled by the foreign tech talent.
My viewpoint on the unemployment for computer science graduates due to lack of up-to-date tech skills is that the outdated curriculum that does not equip them with practical learning experience should be revised. The new necessary elements will lead to proper equipment with skills included. Failure to employ computer science graduates because of a lack of necessary skills is not a solution to the growing IT sector. Instead of hiring talents from foreign nationalities, they would rather create training programs for interns to give experience to the computer science graduates and to shape them up for roles in their company. Hiring skilled labour from outside is more expensive than training the computer science graduates and turning them into skilled labour.
The tech companies provide candidates with the proper knowledge and skills thousands of opportunities. There is a need for computer science graduates to rise above average learners and gain practical skills to get employment. A upskill program is required for acquiring necessary skills by the tech aspirants for them to cope with the IT sector’s ever-changing environment. The outsourcing of skilled IT personnel leaves the young graduates in a desperate condition with no hope of getting employed. The outdated curriculum only prepares graduates with theory and produces individuals who are not fully equipped for job roles in Tech companies or the IT sector in general (Huang et al.,2020). Unemployment is also related to the ever-changing environment of the IT sector, where the computer science graduates lag with the ancient knowledge as the new skills and technologies in the IT sector advance. The programs to equip the graduates with the new skills and technologies should be laid to ensure they remain up to date and fit for employment.
Training the graduates of computer science and supporting them to catch up with new technologies in the IT sector would be necessary because, in future, this would reduce the cost of hiring foreign talents in IT. The training will raise some IT talents, which will reduce the cost of employment in the IT sector and improve the country’s economy. Outsourcing of talents will help the tech company to grow for a while. Still, continued action of outsourcing will leave the country with fewer or no experienced IT professionals since that is likely to raise the country’s cost of employment and put it at risk for failure if the outsourced employees fail to cooperate.
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Gao, K., Cao, Z., Zhang, L., Chen, Z., Han, Y., & Pan, Q. (2019). A review on swarm intelligence and evolutionary algorithms for solving flexible job shop scheduling problems. IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica, 6(4), 904-916.
Huang, J., Gates, A. J., Sinatra, R., & Barabási, A. L. (2020). Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(9), 4609-4616.
Wang, W., & Siau, K. (2019). Artificial intelligence, machine learning, automation, robotics, future of work and future of humanity: A review and research agenda. Journal of Database Management (JDM), 30(1), 61-79.