Date of speech
Type of Speech (Informative/Persuasive)
General Purpose: To inform or persuade
Specific Purpose: To inform or persuade my audience about__________________________________.
Attention Getter: Be sure to grab your audience’s attention in a creative and exciting way. Quotes,
unusual facts, hypothetical stories, amazing statistics are all examples of possibilities for your opening.
Reason to Listen: Try to think of some way of connecting the audience to the topic. Why should they
connect or listen to your speech.
Credibility Statement: Why have you chosen this topic? Do you have any association with this topic?
Are you able to express that you are an experienced person or an expert in this field? Do you know
someone who has experienced this situation? There are many ways of tying yourself into the speech
Statement of Intent: Last sentence of Intro paragraph. Responsible for introducing speech topic and
previewing main points. Be clear. Be direct. There should be no misunderstanding as to what is your
topic and main points.
(Transition – 1st signpost) This statement should help tie together the introduction with the main body
of the speech. This statement should be written out and introduces first main point.
I. First Main Point: Be sure to write only one, simple, direct sentence which preferably
incorporates parallel structure with each of the other main points.
A. Subpoint: This part may be written in phrases. Be sure to identify your materials with
B. Subpoint: Remember, when there is an “A” there must be at least a “B”
(Transition – 2nd signpost) This statement introduces second main point. Tie each main point to the
next by reviewing and emphasizing the skeleton of the speech.
II. Second Main Point: Again, a full, direct, concisely phrased sentence preferably in parallel
form with the other main points is recommended.
A. Subpoint: ___________________________
B. Subpoint: ________________________________
(Transition – 3rd signpost) This statement clearly identifies 3rd main point. It is important to introduce
each main point so that the audience knows where you are and where you are headed – psychological
III. Third Main Point: A full sentence that identifies speaker’s goal of expressing 3rd idea to be
covered in detail.
Transitional Sentence: Sentence should start with a transitional phrase that indicates speech is coming
to an end and then repeats main points and topic.
Summary: Write at least 2-3 sentences that summarizes that body of the speech. Review the facts of
what you have already mentioned in the Body of your speech. Never end by saying, “I told you about
such and such.” Repetition is necessary in oral presentations. Never forget the listening problems all
Memorable Statement: Here is your last chance to have the audience meet the purpose and objectives
of your speech. Often a startling statement, quote, finish the rest of the story you started with, updated
statistics, or any other form of attention getter/memorable statement techniques can help keep the
message of the speaker in the minds of the listeners long after the speech is over. Just don’t drop off
and stop suddenly. There is a rhythm to a speech. By the end, everyone should know it is the end – this
is what we call psychological unity. Vocally you slow down, become emphatic, and prepare the listener
for the last, memorable thoughts.
Follow standard MLA style for you citing throughout the outline as well as in the Works Cited page.
Always cite all sources that are incorporated in the speech both orally and on the outline. All sources
need to be properly identified in MLA format on the Works Cited page that were used as reference. The
web address of Visual Images will be included on the Works Cited page as well. It is proper to list the
Visual Images in the order they were presented in your speech.