discussion 4 (AASP)
1. Why did many black people leave the South from 1915 to 1970? What factors affected the decision to migrate or stay?
They left on their own accord for as many reasons as there are people who left. They made a choice that they were not going to live under the system into which they were born anymore, and, in some ways, it was the first step that the nation’s servant class ever took without asking.” (Great migration September 2010).
In my opinion these peoples left because they were sick and tired of being treated as someone else’s property. You had men and women with families to support with little to no income, not enough food, and the constant fear of violence. The north offered jobs, education, better laws, and housing to name a few reasons.
2. What role did Charles Hamilton Houston play in the legal assault against Jim Crow?
Mr. Houston helped to dismantle the “separate but equal” thought process as it pertained to schooling of African Americans. He wanted to put an end to school segregation
3. How do you explain the emergence of the literary and artistic movement known as the Harlem Renaissance? Who were prominent writers of the Harlem Renaissance?
Once the free African Americans had the chance to move north away from their oppressors, they really felt the need to have people hear their stories. What made the stories so great was the firsthand knowledge and the pain and suffrage one could feel from these. At the same time people wanted to tell what a joy it was to be free and away from the south.
According to Berg, 2021 a few of the major contributors to the writing of the time were names such as: Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Zora Neale Hurston, Richard Wright, and James Baldwin.
1. Great migration: The African-American exodus north. (2010, September 13). Retrieved from
2. Berg, S. C. (2021). Harlem Renaissance. Salem Press Encyclopedia.
Why did many black people leave the South from 1915 to 1970? What factors affected the decision to migrate or stay?
There were numerous reasons for why black people left the South for the West and North. Everyone had their own different, personal reasons. They also had no awareness that there was a migration on that scale. One person, who was a doctor, decided to leave because local hospitals refused to let him practice surgery (Wilkerson, 2010). Some left because they were tired of the outright racism. Others left to find a better life for their children. Family seemed to be one of the factors in both migrating and staying. It was hard for some to potentially leave families that they may never see again. During the 1920’s, there were a number of times when white people destroyed black communities. This also contributed to people migrating away from those areas.
What role did Charles Hamilton Houston play in the legal assault against Jim Crow?
Charles Hamilton Houston was an iconic figure in the Jim Crow era. After seeing how Black officers were treated during World War I, he decided to fight for Black rights by means of law (NAACP, 2021). He took on the “separate but equal” beliefs that were false. His goal was to argue that there were no facilities for Blacks that were separate and equal (NAACP, 2021). The Supreme Court ruled that Blacks had to be admitted in white schools if there were no separate facilities. This in turn led to the beginning of the end of segregation in schools.
How do you explain the emergence of the literary and artistic movement known as the Harlem Renaissance? Who were prominent writers of the Harlem Renaissance?
The Harlem Renaissance emerged because Black people finally had a chance to express their creativity without being in fear. It was the largest community of Black people in the country (Berg, 2021). Black music became more prominent around the country, especially jazz. Racial pride among Black people helped cultivate the culture. There were many artists and writers a part of the Harlem Renaissance. Some of the prominent writers include Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, and Countee Cullen (Berg, 2021). They were some of the most influential poets during that time. McKay wrote a number of poems calling for racial militancy. Hughes was a poet that spoke about everyone rising up. Cullen wrote a lot about race in his early poetry. He later wrote less and less about race because he did not like the true price of being black (Berg, 2021).
Berg, C. S. (2021). Harlem Renaissance. Retrieved September 11, 2021, from https://eds-b-ebscohost-com.ezproxy.umgc.edu/eds/detail/detail?vid=2&sid=bbfe8759-70f7-429c-a48f-6dbfa31e473a%40sessionmgr101&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#AN=89314910&db=ers.
Charles Hamilton Houston. NAACP. (2021, May 11). Retrieved September 11, 2021, from https://naacp.org/find-resources/history-explained/civil-rights-leaders/charles-hamilton-houston.
Wilkerson, I. (2010, September 13). Great migration: The african-american exodus north. NPR. Retrieved September 11, 2021, from https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129827444%3FstoryId.