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Written Assignment: Unintended mental health impacts of lockdown as a form of disease control

UNINTENDED MENTAL HEALTH IMPACTS OF LOCKDOWN 2

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Unintended Mental Health Impacts of Lockdown

Introduction

Lockdown is among the most significant public measures that were put in place as a way of controlling the Covid 19 pandemic. It is a social isolation restriction that helps prevent the disease from spreading from one person to another. The increase of the virus led to the extension of the lockdown period to protect people from contracting the disease. On the other hand, there has been an increase in the issues that concerns well-being and mental health impacts of lockdown among various individuals like young people, adults and children (Basu et al.,2020). Unplanned impacts of lockdown on mental health affected people in multiple areas. For instance, it directly influences children’s and young individuals’ mental health and wellbeing. In such a case, lockdown led to increased chances of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)symptoms among children under self-quarantine. At the same time, it led to rising in the level of worry, anxiety and distress. That was due to t presence of loneliness and concerns about matters that concern school among children and the young ones.

Additionally, there have also been mental health impacts within the family context. The pandemic caused some has implications for the mental health and well-being of the parents and in various careers points. Lockdown affected families where the parents are the significant workers and younger. They have mental health issues since the condition cannot allow them to perform their duties as needed due to lockdown. Moreover, the covid 19 lockdown also impacted education, leading to mental issues among the learners. That is because the children and young people experience worries and anxieties related to matters that concern their school when they are likely to resume their education and issues that concern their future. The pandemic affected different individuals worldwide, ranging from children to young people and adults. It involved a large number of populations worldwide.

Public Health Implications

Lockdown is one of the suitable ways of controlling the covid 19 pandemic had various effects on public health, both mentally and physically. It was implemented globally as a strategic way of preventing the pandemic from spreading since the disease could apply at a significantly faster rate. One of the implications is that, during the lockdown period, there was no movement from one place to another; hence many people could not go to work. That means that there was either no or little income in several families. Therefore, the situation caused a lot of stress and mental distress, especially to the single parents who found it hard to take care of their children as before hence a change in their living standards. Besides, lockdown also affected the vulnerable ones in society, such as the elderly and individuals with a disability. Most of them went through a lot of traumata during the lockdown period. For instance, it was complicated for the elderly even to access health facilities to get drugs during that time since there was no movement. Such a situation made such people go through mental torture; hence their lives deteriorated. Again, during the lockdown, the vulnerable ones in the society could not afford enough food to sustain themselves, which even made them grow weaker, leading to poor health and the situation also caused death.

Moreover, during the lockdown period, both parents and children who were quarantined passed through post-traumatic stress disorder. Young people have also been negatively affected by the imposed lockdown restrictions on their mental health. According to research, over one thousand young careers in the Australia are overwhelmed and stressed since they have suffered from worsened mental health during the loneliness caused by the lockdown(Oswald et al., 2021).

Historical Context

The topic of unintended mental health effects of lockdown to control the disease fits in the public health context. That is because the topic focuses on one of the best ways of preventing the diseases from spreading from one person to another since it is a dangerous and killer disease (Thakur, Kumar, & Sharma, 2020). On the other hand, imposing a lockdown was one way of protecting and promoting the health and well being of people in the country, which is in the context of public health. Without the lockdown, people could still be traveling or moving from one place to another, which seems to be very dangerous as far as their health is concerned since it could cause the disease to spread at a very high rate hence causing the deaths of several people. For example, during the Lunar new year strict restrictions were imposed on travelers to migrate from one province to another in china to stop transmission of the disease (Aleta et al., 2020). Additionally, the topic fits in the context of public health. One of the ways that led to the spread of the disease was through shaking hands, among others. Therefore, imposing restrictions such as lockdown minimized the rate individuals could meet to pass the disease, for instance, at places of work where people share several items such as pens, books, and others who worked in the offices. Therefore, the lockdown was a way of promoting sanitation and personal hygiene to prevent the disease.

Future Context

In the future, it is essential to ensure that the individuals who are most affected mentally with the restrictions put in place to control the pandemic, such as a lockdown. For instance, there is a need for the government to ensure that there are enough funds put in place in case such emergencies arise. That will help ensure that various families are supported; hence that is a way of preventing them from any mental issue that may affect them Health wise. Additionally, there is a need to ensure that there is online education as that will be so helpful towards the health of children when the schools are closed during the pandemic. That is because, during the lockdown, children and young people do not go to school; hence they go through a lot of anxiety and stress about when they are likely to go back to school and get worried about the future(Lee, 2020). Therefore, when they get engaged with learning online while at home, that will be a way of helping their public health since they will not go through any trauma when they are under quarantine. On the other hand, the vulnerable ones in society should be well taken care of in the future. For instance, such people should be in one place to ensure that they get suitable medication and food to maintain their health during the lockdown.

References

· Aleta, A., Hu, Q., Ye, J., Ji, P. and Moreno, Y., 2020. A data-driven assessment of early travel restrictions related to the spreading of the novel COVID-19 within mainland China. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 139, p.110068.

· Basu, S., Karmakar, A., Bidhan, V., Kumar, H., Brar, K., Pandit, M., & Latha, N. (2020). Impact of lockdown due to COVID-19 outbreak: lifestyle changes and public health concerns in India. Int. J. Indian Psychol8, 1385-1411.

· Lee, J., 2020. Mental health effects of school closures during COVID-19. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4(6), p.421.

· Oswald, T., Rumbold, A., Kedzior, S., Kohler, M. and Moore, V., 2021. Mental Health of Young Australians during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploring the Roles of Employment Precarity, Screen Time, and Contact with Nature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(11), p.5630.

· Thakur, K., Kumar, N., & Sharma, N. (2020). Effect of the pandemic and lockdown on mental health of children. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics87(7), 552-552.

Written Assignment: Unintended mental health impacts of lockdown as a form of disease control

The first assessment task is a written assignment of about 1000 words that you will complete on an individual basis. For this assignment, you will choose a topic and write about its significance in Public Health. The assignment will require some very focused research, so it is important to begin early and seek help from the Academic Learning Centre or advice from your lecturer or tutor if you need it.

The topics for this assignment are:

’’Unintended mental health impacts of lockdown as a form of disease control’’

For your chosen topic, you will need to research the scholarly literature as well as information available from organizations like the AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) to understand the background of your topic. However, you are not to write about the clinical aspects of the topic. Your assignment must address the following issues in separate sections: 1) Introduction — outlines the issue and gives an indication of its Public Health significance; this section must include the population affected or at risk, if relevant; 2) Public Health Implications – describes how has your topic affected thinking and practice in the field of Public Health and what are some important issues that came to attention because of your topic;; 3) Historical Context – discusses how your topic fits into the Public Health context that came before and the broader history of Public Health; 4) Future Context– discusses your personal view on the future of your topic and how you believe it will change or affect Public Health thinking and practice into the future.

This assignment must be written in a formal, academic style (not first person) and must be fully referenced. Harvard referencing is preferred for this unit. You will need to have BOTH in text references and a complete, properly formatted reference list. If you need help with referencing, please consult the ALC as soon as possible

Written Assignment: Unintended mental health impacts of lockdown as a form of disease control

PBHL20001

Assessment 1 – Written Assignment

Criterion

HD

D

CR

P

F

The topic of interest is described in terms of the population affected and the risks to that population.

The population(s) is clearly outlined, the specific risks and implications for health outlined along with a brief summary and analysis of the evidence and points relevant to the current context are noted.

8.5-10

The population(s) are recognized, specific risks are mentioned but summary and analysis of the evidence is incomplete or inaccurate, some significant factors are not identified, and the current context is mentioned but not in depth.

7-8.4

An attempt has been made to identify the relevant population(s) but evidence supporting this is incomplete and has not been discussed or analysed, discussion of risks is superficial, and the current context is not fully discussed.

6-6.9

An attempt has been made to identify the relevant population(s) but supporting evidence has been omitted, discussion of risks has been attempted but is basic, and the current context is mentioned but not discussed.

5-5.9

Required elements are fully or partially absent: population(s) not identified and discussed, risks are not identified and analysed, and context issues are not addressed.

0-4.9

Impact on thinking and practice in public health

The specific impacts of the topic on the discipline of Public Health are outlined and their relevance to the chosen topic is discussed; the current and potential effects of these impacts are discussed and at least two brief examples are given.

8.5-10

The specific impacts of the topic on the discipline of Public Health are outlined and an attempt has been made to discuss their relevance to the chosen topic; the current and potential effects of these impacts are discussed, and a brief example is given.

7-8.4

The specific impacts of the chosen topic are mentioned and some indication of their relevance to topic is given; the role of some effects of these impacts is discussed but no examples are given.

6-6.9

Some specific impacts of the chosen topic are mentioned but are incomplete and some indication of their relevance to the topic is given but little or no discussion of this has been made; the role of these impacts is mentioned but not supported by discussion and examples are absent or unconnected.

5-5.9

Some specific impacts of the chosen topic are noted but an indication of their relevance is absent; the role of these impacts is noted but a rationale and example are basic, absent and/or unconnected.

0-4.9

Discussion of historical context

The historical context (events but also broader social patterns) is discussed, and the development of relevant issues is shown through identification of change in practice and attitudes in the discipline of Public Health. Brief reference to relevant examples is used to illustrate development in practice and thinking in the discipline of Public Health.

8.5-10

Historical events of relevance are discussed but consideration of broader social patterns is minimal. An attempt has been made to show the development of relevant issues, but discussion does not include identification of changes in practice and attitudes. Minimal or no examples are presented to illustrate development in practice and thinking in the discipline of Public Health.

7-8.4

Some historical elements are presented, but the broader social context is absent, and the development of Public Health practice and attitudes is minimal or has been omitted, and no examples have been presented to illustrate development in the discipline of Public Health.

6-6.9

An attempt has been made to discuss the historical context, but key events are missing, and the broader social context has not been considered. Little discussion has been included on the development of practice and thinking in Public Health, and there is little evidence of a developed argument.

5-5.9

An attempt has been made to discuss the historical aspects of the topic but discussion does not provide a meaningful survey of issues and events and contains irrelevant items, is incomplete, and there is little evidence of critical thinking or evaluation of changes in the discipline.

0-4.9

Use of Literature

All literature used is less than 10 years old, comes from high quality sources, is relevant, and derives from refereed journals or organizations of recognized standing in the field of public health.

Assessment format conforms exactly to guidelines.

8.5-10

A majority of literature used is less than 10 years old, comes from high quality sources, is relevant, and derives from refereed journals or organizations of recognized standing in the field of public health. Assessment format conforms exactly to guidelines.

7-8.4

Some literature used is less than 10 years old, comes from high quality sources, is relevant, and derives from refereed journals or organizations of recognized standing in the field of public health. Assessment format partially conforms to guidelines, but sections are missing or irrelevant information has been included.

6-6.9

Literature from inappropriate sources has been included, consumer or proprietary material has been used, items that are not relevant have been used, and only a few items derive from refereed journals or organizations of recognized standing in the field of public health. Assessment format mostly conforms to guidelines, but sections are missing or irrelevant information has been included, while required information is omitted.

5-5.9

Literature from inappropriate sources has been used, consumer or proprietary material has been used, items that are not relevant have been used, and use of items from refereed journals or organizations of recognized standing in the field of public health is minimal or non-existent. Guidelines have not been followed and/or part or all of the assessment does not address the assigned topic.

Assessment Fail

Writing and Integrity

All text represents the student’s original language and ideas, any material taken from other sources is fully cited in accordance with academic conventions, text is logically coherent, language used is formal and stylistically appropriate for a formal piece of university assessment.

8.5-10

All text represents the student’s original language and ideas, material taken from other sources is cited, text is logically coherent, and language used is formal and stylistically appropriate for a formal piece of university assessment.

7-8.4

All text represents the student’s original language and ideas but a large number of direct quotations have been used, material taken from other sources is cited but contains errors or is incomplete, discussion lacks logical coherence, and an attempt has been made to use language that is formal and stylistically appropriate for a piece of university assessment.

6-6.9

All text represents the student’s original language and ideas but a large number of direct quotations have been used, material taken from other sources is cited but contains errors or is incomplete, discussion lacks logical coherence, and an attempt has been made to use language that is formal and stylistically appropriate for a piece of university assessment.

5-5.9

Assessment contains text that has been copied from sources or inadequately paraphrased, citations are incomplete or missing, discussion lacks logical coherence, and/or language that is too informal and/or stylistically appropriate for a piece of university assessment has been used.

Assessment Fail