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Discussion – Module 1 Topic

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Do you think we as a society have become too technologically dependent? Explain for us how has information technology changed your life? Describe at least three areas (both personal and school- or work-related) where having access to better information has improved your decisions. Are there any negative effects? What steps can you take to manage information better?

Your posts in the discussion area should exhibit careful thought and logical reasoning and provide evidence for your position. Each post should be at least two well-developed paragraphs (approximately 200 words or more). Use correct spelling, punctuation, and grammar.

Replying to fellow student’s posts is required.  You must respond to at least one other person’s post. Your replies should offer new substantiated ideas or thoughtful questions. Your response should be a minimum of 1 paragraph. A paragraph is a minimum of 5 sentences or approximately 100 words.

I encourage friendly debate and disagreement, so do not be afraid to speak your mind.  Always be mindful that your opinion is one of many and ask that you be respectful and courteous of others.

Please refer to the Grading Rubrics attachment for a clear understanding of what is expected.

As a society, I believe we have become very dependent on technology. If you look around you, almost nine out of ten people carry an electronic device. People carry around their phones almost twenty-four hours a day. Parents depend on television or an electronic tablet to keep their kids entertained. When we go on a trip, we must carry our tablets and phones and download movies to keep us entertain on a car or airplane trip. When we go workout, we carry our phones and headphones to listen to music while we exercise. We used to have to go to a bank to deposit a check, we used to have to go to a store and pay for our bills and we used to have to go to a concert venue to purchase our tickets, all of this is done online now.

Technology has made my life a lot faster and better in my opinion. I can almost go anywhere and connect with family and friends through a smartwatch or cell phone. I can order food from most restaurants around town from a mobile application with a click of a button. It has made me go to school a lot easier also. Since I have been going to Houston Community College almost a year and half now, I have been able to take all my classes online. I have the luxury of doing my school work from my computer and sometimes phone from inside the United States and sometimes out of the country when I visit my family in Mexico. The negative side of the technology has been having my personal information accessible to hackers. I have gotten my personal information and even credit cards stolen through online as easy as making a purchase online. Although, technology has made my life so much easier and faster it does not make it safer. Sometimes I still rely on old methods of payments and to conduct school work because of it being safer.

I believe we have gotten overly reliant on technology as a society. If you look around you, you’ll notice that nearly every tenth person owns an electronic device. People carry their phones with them for nearly twenty-four hours a day. To keep their children entertained, parents rely on television or an electronic tablet. We must bring our tablets and phones on trips and download movies to keep us engaged in the drive or on an airplane. We bring our phones and headphones to the gym with us so that we may listen to music while working out. We used to have to go to a bank to deposit a check, a store to pay our bills, and we used to have to go to a bank to deposit a check. We used to have to go to the bank to deposit a check, to the store to pay our bills, and to the performance venue to buy our tickets. All of this is now done through the internet.

In my opinion, technology has made my life a lot easier and more enjoyable. I can communicate with family and friends practically anywhere with a smartwatch or cell phone. I can order food from most eateries in town with the touch of a button thanks to a mobile application. It’s also made going to school a lot easier for me. I’ve been able to take all my classes online since starting at Houston Community College over a year and a half ago. I have the luxury of doing my coursework from anywhere in the United States, as well as when visiting my family in Mexico, using my computer and phone. My personal information being exposed to hackers has been a drawback of technology. My personal information and even credit cards have been stolen as easy as completing an internet transaction. Technology has made my life easier and faster, but it hasn’t made it any safer. Because it is safer, I still use outdated ways of payment and schoolwork on occasion.

Hi Hemmanuella, I agree with you that as a society we have become way too dependent on technology. I too, see children being very dependent on electronics. The part that I respectfully disagree is that a child kills another due to technology. I believe this either must be an anger management issue or a mental issue. If any one is to blame are the parents and not technology. You make a very good point about social media being unrealistic and making a lot of young minds and some older insecure. We have all seen a model that uses a filter or airbrush who post a picture online that makes us feel like there is something wrong with our bodies. I am sorry to hear you went through depression but I think most of us learn that the beauty features on social media is very unrealistic.

Hello, Hemmanuella. I agree with you that we have gotten far too reliant on technology as a society. I, too, believe that youngsters are overly reliant on devices. I sincerely disagree with the section where a youngster murders another because of technology. This is either a mental or an anger management issue, in my opinion. It is the parents, not technology, who are to fault. You make an excellent point about social media being unrealistic and instilling insecurity in many young and older minds. We’ve all seen a model upload a photo online with a filter or airbrush that makes us feel as if something is amiss with our body. I’m sorry to hear you’ve been depressed, but I believe most of us have learned that the beauty characteristics on social media are far from true. We are all beautiful in our own way.

Discussion – Module 2 Discussion Topic

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Marketing is the activity, set of institutions, and processes for creating, communicating , delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for customers, clients, partners, and society at large.

Think about an ad on the internet, television, radio or print that you find appealing. Tell us why you like it, who the add is targeting and do you feel it has value.

Feel free to include the ad link so we may view it too.

The Marlboro advertising that I saw as a child in the 1980s have always been one of my all-time favorite ads that is etched in my consciousness. Growing up in Houston, Texas, I recall seeing advertisements all throughout town that promoted smoking as the ideal guy. The advertising were made even more popular by Eric Lawson, a well-known actor at the time who was known as the Marlboro Man. It was valuable to me at the time since I also grew up in the country and believed that smoking was an important part of growing up to be a gorgeous and “manly” man. The advertisement, in my opinion, would appeal to guys of all ages. It demonstrated that you, too, could be as cool, rugged, and “manly” as the Marlboro man if you smoked. “Come to where the flavor is,” one of the main slogans said, implying that smoking is where the enjoyment is. Despite the fact that I do not smoke, I must admit that some advertisements have a long-term effect on you. When someone discusses an advertisement, the first thing that comes to mind is the Marlboro Man. We’ve all become more aware of the dangers of smoking and its link to lung cancer. It demonstrates what a good marketing ad can accomplish and how it can elicit such mixed feelings about a product, regardless of whether you believe in it or not.

Your posts in the discussion area should exhibit careful thought and logical reasoning and provide evidence for your position. Each post should be at least two well-developed paragraphs (approximately 200 words or more). Use correct spelling, punctuation, and grammar.

Replying to fellow student’s posts is required.  You must respond to at least one other person’s post. Your replies should offer new substantiated ideas or thoughtful questions. Your response should be a minimum of 1 paragraph. A paragraph is a minimum of 5 sentences or approximately 100 words.

Hello, Hayes. This meme with the screaming goat is one of my favorites. Many people use it to describe pitchy singers in popular songs. Super Bowl advertisements are always entertaining and well-executed marketing campaigns. I, too, am a Doritos fan, and I believe this commercial will be remembered. Taking a well-known, viral meme and using it to market your product is a fantastic idea. Doritos are already well-known for their distinct cheesy flavor, but their marketing team is phenomenal. I find it amusing how the goat consumes all of the bags of chips and continues to be sold due to its addiction to Doritos.

After viewing the video answer the following questions.

1. Why do you believe entrepreneur Mark Spates decided to take his idea to Google?

When we think of Google, we think of it as an online search tool that you can use on your computer. Google search is straightforward to use: type in the word(s) you’re looking for and push enter; tens of thousands of websites matching your search appear in the results. Mark Spates discusses his desire to enhance technology in the house by making it as simple as flipping on a light switch. This, I assume, is why he took his ideas to Google. He understood Google could take something commonplace and turn it into something remarkable.

2. What did Mark Spates and Google take into considerations about marketing to their users?

Google Home Speaker, Nest Learning Terms, Google Home Hub, and Nest Hello Doorbell are all Google products, according to Mark Spates, who has a history in using data to make decisions and as a product manager for smart speakers at Google. His Google marketing has centered on resolving user issues. It’s all about harnessing habitual patterns to make them better, more efficient, or more enjoyable, according to Mark. They take goods that are currently in people’s homes and find a way to upgrade them to address what they refer to as “user issues.” In what they call “partners,” items like refrigerators, washers, and dryers, they discover a way to mix hardware, software, and artificial intelligence to address the user’s problem.

3. How does Mark Spates and Google infuse sustainability into their products and why?

Mark Spates and Google include recyclable bins every three to four steps in their products to promote sustainability. It’s not only about putting the recyclable bins in the right places; it’s also about encouraging staff to recycle. They have parks and greenery all around as part of their background, so people gather behind the idea of leaving a better place, a better planet, on the things they are constructing. This is the cause for their long-term survival. Every product, according to Mark, is designed to be environmentally friendly. The majority of the devices created are supplements rather than replacements. It’s not just about recyclability when it comes to sustainability; it’s also about liability. The devices have been designed to look like long-lasting furniture.

Discussion – Module 3 Discussion Topic

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First, using the internet, find an example of a company that encourages ethical business behavior. Explain why you believe their actions are encouraging ethical behavior. Why do you think the company chose to act as they did?

Second, using the internet, find an example of a socially responsible business. Explain why you believe their actions are socially responsible. Why do you think the company chose to act as they did?

Provide a link to the websites utilized so we may view your choice.

Your posts in the discussion area should exhibit careful thought and logical reasoning and provide evidence for your position. Each post should be at least two well-developed paragraphs (approximately 200 words or more). Use correct spelling, punctuation, and grammar.

Replying to fellow student’s posts is required.  You must respond to at least one other person’s post. Your replies should offer new substantiated ideas or thoughtful questions. Your response should be a minimum of 1 paragraph. A paragraph is a minimum of 5 sentences or approximately 100 words.

Because of its commitment to ethical business methods, Chick-fil-A has been able to succeed where others have failed. This fast-food chain adheres to biblical principles of honesty, integrity, and fairness. Despite the fact that I am not a religious person, I feel these values have a role in their ethical behavior. The quality of their customer service is a clear indicator of their innocence. Chick-fil-A is an excellent example of a chain that provides the same service and food regardless of where you go.

Chick-fil-A is yet another example of a socially responsible business. The company is proud of its dedication to caring for people, the community, other people’s food, and the environment, and it shows this in everything it does. There are two reasons why I feel the company selected those four pillars. To begin, it sets them apart from other fast-food restaurants.

Secondly, their support for more chicken and less beef consumption is significant in their decision. The company’s social and ethical values and practices are aligned with the client’s perspective. It’s possible that they were specifically chosen for that reason. Chick-fil-A’s success has inspired other fast food companies to try and replicate it, but they aren’t always successful. As a result, they enjoy hiring people who share their ethical and social beliefs.


https://www.chick-fil-a.com/about/giving-back (Links to an external site.)

“Chick-Fil-A – More Than A Chicken Sandwich.”. Cowfan.Wordpress.Ncsu.Edu, 2022, https://cowfan.wordpress.ncsu.edu/ (Links to an external site.)
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Discussion – Module 4 Discussion Topic

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Banks use databases to identify profitable and unprofitable customers. Bankers say they lose money on customers who typically keep less than $1,000 in their checking and savings accounts and frequently call or visit the bank. Profitable customers keep several thousand dollars in their accounts and seldom visit a tell or call the bank. To turn unprofitable customers into profitable ones, banks have assessed fees on many of their services, including using a bank teller, although many of the fees are waived for customers who maintain high account balances. Bankers justify the fees by saying they’re in business to earn a profit.

Discuss whether banks are justified in treating profitable and unprofitable customers differently. Defend your answer.

Your posts in the discussion area should exhibit careful thought and logical reasoning and provide evidence for your position. Each post should be at least two well-developed paragraphs (approximately 200 words or more). Use correct spelling, punctuation, and grammar.

Replying to fellow student’s posts is required.  You must respond to at least one other person’s post. Your replies should offer new substantiated ideas or thoughtful questions. Your response should be a minimum of 1 paragraph. A paragraph is a minimum of 5 sentences or approximately 100 words.

In my perspective, there are so many banks out there, and the market for a consumer to find a bank is currently overcrowded with competition. I don’t believe it is in a bank’s best interests to charge a client fees for not having a balance of less than $1,000 dollars or for using their services. Banks are the ones who profit the most from loans. You have no idea where your next loan will come from. A customer with a tiny balance in their checking and savings account could be your next vehicle or mortgage loan, resulting in a significant increase in revenue. For example, a college student like me spends the majority of his salary on education. Long-term aspirations include earning a degree, finding a better-paying job, and obtaining a loan to start their own business and home. I will most certainly take my business elsewhere if this bank charges me what I believe to be unjustified fees.

Banks, in my opinion, differentiate between profitable and unprofitable customers. Profitable customers have more money in the bank, therefore they typically waive the majority of their costs. As a result, nearly every service provided to customers with less money and who are considered unprofitable is charged a fee by the bank.

Hi Stela. I agree with you that there should be a federal plan in place for banks charging these fees. There fees should be same across the board. I also agree that the target customer are low income ones. Its almost like making the rich, richer by charging the poor. Loans are banks major source of income, so I don’t understand why they have to charge these fees. I think people really need to do their do diligence and pick a bank that does not charge these outrages fees for services that should be free. A good bank cater to its community not only to profitable customers.

Hello, Stela. I agree with you that a federal plan for banks charging these fees should be in place. Their rates should be the same for everyone. I agree that the intended market is low-income people. It’s almost as if charging the poor makes the rich richer. Because loans are the banks’ primary source of revenue, I’m not sure why they have to charge these fees. I believe that customers should do their homework and choose a bank that does not charge these exorbitant fees for things that should be free. Not only does a smart bank attend to its profitable customers, but it also caters to its community.

Once you have viewed the video, read the scenario below and incorporate what gained from viewing the video to complete the assignment.

The head of your school’s finance department has asked you to address a group of incoming business students about the importance of finance to their overall business education.

Develop an outline with the key points you would cover in your speech and then explain why those key points are important.

The outline may be in bullet points. The explanation portion should be in paragraph form. A paragraph is a minimum of 5 sentences. The explanation portion of your assignment is a minimum of 2 paragraphs.

Discussion – Ch. 11 – Discussion 

Chapter 11 Discussion  –

Using the content from Chapter 11 of your assigned text book, explain to your classmates in ten sentences or less the pros and cons of either the Market Segmentation Approaches of Concentration or Multisegment?

The pros to a multisegment is that most firms and companies already use this type of market. One of the main pros is that it groups people who share a characteristics and that share similar needs for a product. For example Disney will target audience or group are children, teens and adults. Through its films it will target children by making toys, teen with their live action films and it has adult humor for the adult in its films. The con of multisegment is that companies have learn how to strategies to

Discussion – Ch. 12 – Discussion 

Chapter 12 Dimensions of Marketing Strategy

 Using the content of Chapter 12 of your assigned book, if Ford’s e-bikes are released, how do you think the market would react? Do you believe the e-bikes would quickly jump to the growth stage of the product life cycle, or would they stay in the introductory stage for a an extended period of time?

Discussion – Ch. 13 – Discussion 

Chapter 13 Digital Marketing and Social Networking

 

Using the content from Chapter 13 of your assigned book, distinguish for your classmates the difference between digital media and digital marketing.  Share with your classmates a link to an article regarding a lawsuit deriving from digital marketing, fraudulent advertising or infringement of Intellectual Property rights.  

Discussion – Ch. 14 – Discussion 

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Discussion 14  Accounting and Financial Statements

 

Using the content from Chapter 14 of your assigned book, create your own example of the Debt Utilization Ratio of debt to total assets ratio as demonstrated on page 456 of your text book.  You answer should result in a percentage.  Also, distinguish for your classmates the difference between Revenue and net income and give the four steps of the Accounting Cycle.

Discussion – Ch. 15 – Discussion 

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Discussion Rubric-2.pdf

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Chapter 15 Money and the Financial System

 

Using the content from Chapter 15 of your assigned book and any outside supported material, in ten sentences or more what is the purpose and function of the Federals Reserve system?

Discussion – Ch. 16 – Discussion 

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Chapter 16 Financial Management and Security Markets

 

Using Chapter 16 of your assigned text distinguish for your classmates the difference between a Primary and Secondary market?  Respond to two of your classmate’s answers. 

Discussions

 1 Discussion: Time Management as an Online Student

Now that you’ve completed the time management tool in the Week 1 Lesson, address these items in your answer:
Describe how you spend most of your time. Is this what you expected? Why or why not?
How will you rearrange these items to dedicate enough time to your schoolwork?
What changes do you want to make? What professional resources are available to help with those changes? Use at least one required source and to find a scholarly outside source that MUST be a Full Text; Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journal from any year from 2017-2022 to support your time management improvement strategies. YOU CAN FIND THIS IN: https://library.chamberlain.edu/home 3 paragraphs minimum IN APA FORMAT.  

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2 Discussion

Maintaining your own integrity as a professional nurse is an essential part of your career. Despite knowing the consequences for an academic integrity infraction, why do some students still falsify their work?
What are the most challenging APA formatting issues for you? Why do you find these areas so challenging? What resources will you use to overcome these challenges? Use at least one required source and to find a scholarly outside source that MUST be a Full Text; Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journal any year from 2017-2022  . YOU CAN FIND THIS IN: https://library.chamberlain.edu/home

3 paragraphs minimum IN APA FORMAT.  

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3 Discussion

 Building self-awareness of our verbal and non-verbal communication allows us to grow in our communication skills. What resources do you use to improve your awareness of your communication skills in the professional setting?
Interprofessional collaboration to improve patient outcomes depends on our professional communication skills. What are the most effective communication skills that nurses bring to collaborative interactions? Why are those so important in your own practice? Use at least one required source and to find a scholarly outside source that MUST be a Full Text; Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journal any year from 2017-2022  . YOU CAN FIND THIS IN: https://library.chamberlain.edu/home

 3 paragraphs minimum IN APA FORMAT.  

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5 Discussion

Evidence is necessary to improve our nursing practice. Using the CINAHL database in the Chamberlain Library, search for and locate a scholarly professional nursing journal article that meets these criteria:
Full-text
English language
Peer-reviewed
NOT an Evidence-Based Care Sheet or CINAHL Guide
Published in the past five years (2017-2022)
Contains evidence to support a nursing practice in your practice area
Summarize this article in one paragraph. Explain why you selected this article. Provide an APA reference for this article. NOTE: Be sure to review the grading rubric on this page (click on the three dots on top right of this page). Both a scholarly outside source (scholarly professional nursing journal article described above can be found at( https://library.chamberlain.edu/home) AND use and crediting of at least one Assigned Reading (Chamberlain Custom Role Development in Prof Nursing Practice, Fifth Edition book) or Lesson are required. SEE ATTACHMENT FOR DISCUSSION 4 LESSON. 

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6 Discussion

Evidence is necessary to improve our nursing practice. Using the CINAHL database in the Chamberlain Library (https://library.chamberlain.edu/home), search for and locate a scholarly professional nursing journal article that meets these criteria: Full-text English language Peer-reviewed NOT an Evidence-Based Care Sheet or CINAHL Guide Published in the past five years Contains evidence to support a nursing practice in your practice area Summarize this article in one paragraph. Explain why you selected this article. Provide an APA reference for this article.

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Discussion

Leaders use systems-based practice to empower other nurses. Considering your current or former clinical setting, share how you will use principles of systems-based practice to grow in your role as a leader in nursing. Include a scholarly outside source to support your answer that is dated from 2017-2022 FROM -> (https://library.chamberlain.edu/home), . DISCUSSION WRITTING MUST BE IN APA FORMAT AND MUST BE 3 PARAGRAPHS.
As we finish NR351, think about all the competencies you have explored in these eight weeks. Using reflective practice, address the following in your answer: Select two Massachusetts Nurse of the Future Nursing Core Competencies that you believe will have the most impact on your future professional nursing practice. Why are these the most important ones for you? Identify one AACN BSN Essential that will be most important in improving quality in your future nursing practice. Explain why you selected that essential and how your practice will be improved by its use.

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Discussions

Please assist with the following discussion: (chapters have been uploaded as word attachments)

Please provide references/citations.

Discussion – Ch. 11  –   

Using the content from Chapter 11 of your assigned text book, explain to your classmates in ten sentences or less the pros and cons of either the Market Segmentation Approaches of Concentration or Multisegment? 

 Discussion – Ch. 12

Chapter 12 Dimensions of Marketing Strategy

Using the content of Chapter 12 of your assigned book, if Ford’s e-bikes are released, how do you think the market would react? Do you believe the e-bikes would quickly jump to the growth stage of the product life cycle, or would they stay in the introductory stage for a an extended period of time?

Discussion – Ch. 13 

Chapter 13 Digital Marketing and Social Networking

Using the content from Chapter 13 of your assigned book, distinguish for your classmates the difference between digital media and digital marketing.  Share with your classmates a link to an article regarding a lawsuit deriving from digital marketing, fraudulent advertising or infringement of Intellectual Property rights.  

Discussion – Ch. 14 

Discussion 14  Accounting and Financial Statements

Using the content from Chapter 14 of your assigned book, create your own example of the Debt Utilization Ratio of debt to total assets ratio as demonstrated on page 456 of your text book.  You answer should result in a percentage.  Also, distinguish for your classmates the difference between Revenue and net income and give the four steps of the Accounting Cycle.

Discussion – Ch. 15

Chapter 15 Money and the Financial System

Using the content from Chapter 15 of your assigned book and any outside supported material, in ten sentences or more what is the purpose and function of the Federals Reserve system?

Discussion – Ch. 16

Chapter 16 Financial Management and Security Markets

Using Chapter 16 of your assigned text distinguish for your classmates the difference between a Primary and Secondary market?  Respond to two of your classmate’s answers. 

DISCUSSIONS

 PART A

Please respond to the following:

  • Techniques of inventory management include:
    • Economic order quantity.
    • Just in time inventories.
    • Optimum stocking level.
    • Periodic inventory.
    • Perpetual inventory.
    • Barcoding.
    • Point–of–sale systems.
  • Select three of the seven inventory techniques listed above and explore why a business would implement each one. Be sure to list specific reasons for each.

Part B 

In Chapter 8 of the Webtext, you learned four simple ways you can use self-monitoring behaviors in the workplace. Review the table on page 8.3. 

 Self-Monitoring in the Workplace

1. Pay attention to the way others are behaving and act accordingly. This might mean doing research before an important meeting or simply assessing behaviors as they arise.

2. Read both verbal and nonverbal cues to assess the situation. For example, if you’re monopolizing time in a meeting with unnecessary questions, your coworkers might look impatient or uncomfortable.

3. Find a balance between blending in and being your authentic self.

4. Practice self-awareness so you understand how your own feelings and desires are influencing your behavior. 

  • Explain how you already use one of these self-monitoring behaviors at work or school.
  • Next, identify another behavior (from the table on page 8.3) that you might need to work on for your future career
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    Discussions

    2/25/22, 4:10 PM Week 4 Lesson: Safety: Transitions in Professional Nursing

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    Week 4 Lesson: Safety

    Table of Contents

    Safety

    Nurses are concerned with safety and quality of patient
    care. Throughout history, many nurses have actively
    worked to find ways to improve patient safety and quality
    of nursing care. This week, we will consider the broad
    topics of safety and quality improvement in nursing care
    and our roles in this important endeavor.

    Healthy Workplace Environments Promote Safety for Nurses

    Safety in the workplace is important in nursing. American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
    (AACN, n.d.) stated that six standards are present in the healthiest nursing work
    environments:

    Skilled communication
    True collaboration
    Effective decision-making
    Appropriate staffing
    Meaningful recognition
    Authentic leadership

    Nurses need to be safe from harm in their work
    environments. Much has been written about incivility and workplace violence in nursing. Oja
    (2017) claimed that “civility among critical care nurses is important for achieving positive
    patient outcomes” (p. 345).

    The American Nurses Association (n.d.a) is concerned about health of nurses and is
    promoting its Healthly Nurse, Healthy Nation challenge. This is “an initiative to connect and
    engage nurses, employers, and organizations around improving health in five areas: physical

    2/25/22, 4:10 PM Week 4 Lesson: Safety: Transitions in Professional Nursing

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    activity, nutrition, rest, quality of life, and safety” (ANA, n.d.a, para. 1). ANA also has
    resources to help prevent violence and bullying in the workplace (n.d.b.). These workplace
    health issues are of concern to nurses, managers, and facilities. When nurses practice in a
    healthy environment, their focus can be on patient care and outcomes.

    Patient Safety

    Nurses value safety for patients. Doing no harm is often considered a moral and an ethical
    principle in nursing and healthcare. Safe care is always our plan.

    Safety is an important part of quality. Without safety, quality is not an issue. Care is either safe
    or it is not. Quality, on the other hand, can vary by degrees and can be measured. Is the care
    of minimum quality, or is it of the highest quality? Safety and quality are often considered
    together because quality is not possible without the baseline of safety.

    Think About It

    “Safety: The Nurse of the Future
    will minimize risk of harm to patients
    and providers through both system
    effectiveness and individual
    performance (QSEN, 2007)”
    (Massachusetts Department of
    Higher Education Nursing Initiative,
    2016, p. 42). Safety is “critical to
    promoting high quality patient care”
    (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2008, p. 13).

    “Quality Improvement: The Nurse of the Future uses data to monitor the
    outcomes of care processes, and uses improvement methods to design and
    test changes to continuously improve the quality and safety of health care
    systems (QSEN, 2007)” (Massachusetts Department of Higher Education
    Nursing Initiative, 2016, p. 42).

    Patient safety is important in all clinical areas. The Joint Commission (2020) publishes
    National Patient Safety Goals each year for various healthcare settings. These goals are
    designed to improve patient safety. The goals focus on both problems and solutions (The
    Joint Commission, 2020).

    Settings include:

    2/25/22, 4:10 PM Week 4 Lesson: Safety: Transitions in Professional Nursing

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    (The Joint Commission, 2020)

    Settings Transcript

    Safety Goals

    These safety goals change year to year
    and often contain topics such as:

    Patient identification
    Staff communication
    Alarm safety
    Infection prevention
    Surgical errors
    Medication safety
    Others specific to the site

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    (The Joint Commission, 2020)

    A culture of safety, where all nurses freely report errors without fear of punishment, is a
    positive step toward fewer errors and improved patient safety. This just culture (sometimes
    called a no blame culture) focuses on the error, not the person making the error. Systems
    issues are confronted with plans for improvement (Masters, 2020).

    Discussions

    2/25/22, 4:11 PM Week 4 Lesson: Quality Improvement: Transitions in Professional Nursing

    https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/98594/pages/week-4-lesson-quality-improvement?module_item_id=14280794 1/4

    Week 4 Lesson: Quality Improvement

    Table of Contents

    Improving Quality in Nursing

    There are many drivers of quality care in nursing and
    healthcare today. We are familiar with the efforts of many
    of these.

    The Joint Commission
    National Academy of Medicine (formerly Institute of
    Medicine)
    QSEN Institute
    American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)
    Magnet Recognition Program

    The ANCC Magnet Recognition Program designates an organization as a magnet when it
    shows evidence it has the knowledge and expertise to delivery nursing care globally (ANCC,
    n.d.). The ANCC has developed a model with five components that serve as the primary basis
    including:

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    (ANCC, n.d.)

    ANCC Magnet Recognition Program Image Description

    PDSA Process for Quality Improvement

    There are many approaches to quality improvement. The Deming cycle (often known as
    PDSA for Plan, Do, Study, Act) is commonly used today to improve quality (Masters, 2020).
    This is sometimes stated as PDCA for Plan, Do, Check, Act.

    2/25/22, 4:11 PM Week 4 Lesson: Quality Improvement: Transitions in Professional Nursing

    https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/98594/pages/week-4-lesson-quality-improvement?module_item_id=14280794 3/4

    PDSA Process for Quality Improvement Image Description

    DMAIC Process for Quality Improvement

    Some facilities may use Six Sigma with the DMAIC process. While this began as a business
    model, it has been successfully applied to the healthcare environment to improve quality,
    decrease errors, and improve processes. Six Sigma uses the following cyclical process to
    improve quality (Hood, 2018).

    The five phases that make up the Six Sigma, or DMAIC process, are below.

    2/25/22, 4:11 PM Week 4 Lesson: Quality Improvement: Transitions in Professional Nursing

    https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/98594/pages/week-4-lesson-quality-improvement?module_item_id=14280794 4/4

    DMAIC Process for Quality Improvement Image Description

    The goal of Six Sigma is to reduce errors to a very minimal level (Masters, 2020).

    Discussions

    discussion 1

     

    Since the dawn of time, there has always been a need for more workers or employees. Very rarely was there a time with little to no job openings. In recent years the healthcare field has become in desperate need of more employees, especially nurses. With the covid-19 pandemic stress, workplace burnout, and payment issues, hospital units are growing sparse. Units which were not up to staffing before the pandemic are working extremely understaffed now. Some of the shortages are due to high levels of RN retirements with not enough new nurses entering the workforce to take their place (Buerhaus, 2021). There are many other influencing factors “including working conditions, increased number of patients, violence in the healthcare system… difficulty retaining new graduate nurses, lack of seats in nursing programs, and a nursing faculty shortage” (Perkins, 2021, p. 50). There is also work that nursing working under the stress of the shortages will become burnt out and leave the profession (Perkins, 2021). 

    Some hospitals in my area have been recently working under tight conditions and in some cases diverting patients to other hospitals with more staff and resources. I work in labor and delivery at my organization. At current, we have not had to divert obstetric patients, but that does not mean our ratios have been safe. Our unit is also very understaffed. With the specialty population of obstetrics, there is never a time when we know how many patients we will have on the unit. A woman can go into labor at any moment, which makes our staffing and assignments more difficult. Throughout our organization, agency or travel nurses have been hired to assist with the ongoing needs. On our unit, we have opened up incentive and contract shifts for interested staff members. We are staffing our own unit with our experienced nurses, while providing extra incentive and shift pay. This solution has saved our unit budget from hiring agency nurses, while keeping the unit closed to just our experienced employees. Although this is a good solution, it should be used temporarily to prevent burnout of current employees. It remains in use and many employees have left the unit due to work-life balance, burnout, and increased salary elsewhere. Burnout and compassion fatigue have created a huge issue in the healthcare workplace (Trepanier et al., 2022). I hope our organizations, litigators, and peers fight for workplace safety and allow for our wonderful nursing profession to remain strong and make a huge comeback. 

    References 

    Buerhaus, P. I. (2021). Current nursing shortages could have long-lasting consequences: Time to change our present course. Nursing Economic$, 39(5), 247–250.

    Perkins, A. (2021). Nursing shortage: Consequences and solutions. Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, 19(5), 49–54. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NME.0000767268.61806.d9

    Trepanier, S., Henderson, R., & Waghray, A. (2022). A health care system’s approach to support nursing leaders in mitigating burnout amid a COVID-19 world pandemic. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 46(1), 52–59.

    Discussion 2

     

    A national healthcare stressor that I have personally experienced is the national nursing shortage. I wanted to elaborate more on this issue as I feel more attention is being given due to the pandemic. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the RN turnover rate within the first year of work was estimated to range between 35 to 60% (Bakhamis et al., 2019). Unfortunately, nursing shortages can expedite burnout syndrome where nurses experience negative side effects like emotional exhaustion, depression, and risks the nurse leaving healthcare completely (Bakhamis et al., 2019). Burnout can also impact the healthcare organization and patients due to increased risk of medical errors, decreased quality of care, decreased patient satisfaction, and increased organization costs (Jacobs et al., 2018). In my healthcare organization, I have noticed nurses will work longer hours up to 16-hour shifts due to other nurses calling in and finding a replacement very difficult. According to Broome and Marshall (2021), when nurses are under high-stress conditions there is a delay of treatment and decreased patient outcomes.

    How My Organization is Responding to Nursing Shortages

    In my healthcare organization, there have been several solutions offered in order to address the nursing shortage. From my experience, there have been sign-on bonuses as much as $20,000 for experienced nurses and $5,000 for newly licensed nurses who sign a two-year contract. My organization has also addressed wage increases, where there have been market adjustments to be more competitive with the increasing costs of living. The organization has also increased the amount of tuition reimbursement from $3,000 to $5,000 for nurses seeking to advance their education. Finally, there has been an increased investment in hiring travel nurses as short-term relief. 

    Other strategies I would like to see being utilized include showing recognition to nurses, shared decision-making, and increased involvement from leadership groups. According to a recent study of an emergency department in Texas, the implementation of an appreciation system has been shown to statistically improve nursing burnout and improve retention (Adams et al., 2019). This appreciation system is an online store where managers can send their employees points to be redeemed for gift cards. 

    Another strategy to consider would be to address nurse mental health through programs sponsored by the organization. For example, my organization uses Inspire Wellbeing, an online group that provides education and support material for improving physical and mental health. The program is free to employees and offers discounts to employees who complete different tasks and learning modules.

    Conclusion

    Patient outcomes will benefit the most when nurse to patient ratios are appropriate as the nurses will experience less burnout, improving productivity and reducing patient errors (Bakhamis et al., 2019). Through the utilization of the strategies mentioned, it can improve staffing and decrease turnover in the long term. This will lead to an improved work environment and improve the mental health of nurses overall. 

    References

    Adams, A., Hollingsworth, A., & Osman, A. (2019). The implementation of a cultural change toolkit to reduce nursing burnout and mitigate nurse turnover in the emergency department. Journal of emergency nursing, 45(4), 452-456.

    Bakhamis, L., Paul III, D. P., Smith, H., & Coustasse, A. (2019). Still an epidemic: the burnout syndrome in hospital registered nurses. The health care manager, 38(1), 3-10.

    Broome, M., & Marshall, E. S. (2021). Transformational leadership in nursing: From expert clinician to influential leader (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Springer.

    Jacobs, B., McGovern, J., Heinmiller, J., & Drenkard, K. (2018). Engaging employees in well-being: Moving from the Triple Aim to the Quadruple Aim. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 42(3), 231-245

      • 2 months ago
      • 8

      Discussions

      Dicussion 1

      I have the five main strengths of Relator, Learner, Discipline, Intellect, and Futuristic. I was surprised by a couple of these strengths but overall these did fit my personality, work ethic, and behaviors. Discipline really stood out to me, I felt drawn to this strength. I love a world where it is predictable and I can make small goals towards a larger goal. I don’t like unexpected changes and prefer plenty of advanced notice of timelines. I enjoy checking off the boxes, always keeping my end goal in sight, and feeling pride in my accomplishments. Relator also stroke a cord in myself. I very much enjoy having a small group of very close friends. I feel out of sorts in large crowds and have to really go against the grain to small talk. However, meeting people and having a network of people to rely on is important to me personally and professionally. Learner is a clear strength as I do find myself always looking for something to help me grow and I enjoy the process of learning. Intellect is interesting to me as I was a little surprised. I actually do not like to have banter with people over various subjects. I prefer to introspectively have a dialog with myself than with others. However, maybe this is a part of the Intellect strength but in a different perspective. Lastly, futuristic is my final strength. I love to plan the future and make goals towards that future I envision. However, I have learned that all plans work out exactly as planned and I have grown to embrace the variances rather than feel disappointment.

      Then, briefly describe two core values, two strengths, and two characteristics that you would like to strengthen based on the results of your StrengthsFinder assessment.

      I want to focus on the strength of Communication. The idea of bringing ideas to life and making them stick in people’s minds translates to making a lasting impression on people. I could develop this as a leader and leave people with a better understanding of my visions and hopefully inspire others. I don’t necessarily want to be the one that talks all the time, but the one who listens to others, digests that information, and people listen to when speaking. Communication goes beyond a conversation or well written email, “Leaders communicate in speech, writing, actions, body language, and even in silence. Effective communication begins with an awareness of your own style, of how others respond to you” (Broome, and Marshall, 2021). In a leadership study conducted it was found, “the research demonstrated that, for leadership styles, leaders’ communication, emotional intelligence, decision-making, and personal characteristics are important” (Lorber et.al. 2015). Developing this strength would help me become a transformational leader who develops and inspires others through self awareness of my own communication style and how this affects others perception of me as a leader.

      The second strength I would like to develop is Arranger. Arranger can see a complex problem and figure out how to rearrange that problem into an intricate and well oiled solution. An Arranger can see the micro and macro elements of a problem. I would like to develop this strength as it would help both at an intimate level of management and as a leader who can not just have a vision of the future, but can see how to rearrange things to make that vision come to life. It would go hand in hand with my Futuristic strength, as well as my Discipline strength. The idea of finding a better way and not being intimidated by the unexpected is a welcome challenge to me.

      References:

      Lorber, M., Treven, S., & Mumel, D. (2016). The examination of factors relating to the leadership style of nursing leaders in Hospitals. Naše Gospodarstvo/Our Economy, 62(1), 27–36.
      https://doi.org/10.1515/ngoe-2016-0003

      Marshall, E. S., & Broome, M. (2021). Transformational leadership in nursing: From expert clinician to influential leader. Springer Publishing Company, LLC.

      Rath, T. (2017). Strengthsfinder 2.0. Gallup Press.

      File Ramos. J Clifton Strengths.pdf (236.394 KB)

      Discussion 2

      According to the Clifton Strength Finder assessment, it is apparent that I am more of a democratic leader or transformational leader (Rath, 2007). I like to include others’ input and make my decisions based on the group’s ideas as a team approach. Other leadership styles, such as strategic and lateral approaches, can help me understand how to network with various groups inside and outside my company (Broome & Marshall, 2021). I tend to focus on the work at hand and forget that others are doing the same job in better ways. I could challenge my co-workers to introduce new ways of producing positive outcomes by intellectual stimulation that can lead to the efficiency of the overall work.

      Two core values for me are good communication skills and gaining respect from others. I was described best with the achiever theme. I have a great deal of stamina and work hard. I take great satisfaction from being busy and productive only to produce top-notch results. Being the very best at something is quite important to me. I do not tolerate mediocrity, especially about what matters most to me. And because of those strengths, I set very high expectations for myself. With this strength, I can influence people also to work hard. I like to lead by example to increase productivity and competition (Bracamonte & Gonzalez-Argote, 2022).

      My two main strengths, I would say hard work and high expectations of myself. Typically, I push myself until I reach my goals. I believe that I do this because my second theme was futurist. My vision opens people’s minds to new and wondrous possibilities. Because of my strengths in planning for the future, I think a lot about the coming months or years. I want to leave the job better for the next person behind me. The downside is that I worry about being left behind if what I know and do is no longer valued or needed. My biggest fear is not having a job to provide for my family or leaving a good legacy.

      Communication was my next strength, and I am an excellent talker. I freely share my ideas or feelings with others, both a blessing and a curse. I am quick to talk as words quickly come to me when I am with people. It is easy to get people to talk about themselves, and I like making them feel like they are the most important person at that time. The verbal give-and-take between human beings is something I value. I will not meet a stranger. The impact of a good nursing leader focuses mainly on patient safety and the satisfaction of other nurses. Hughes (2019) states that the highest job satisfaction was associated with relationship-oriented leadership styles.

      The relator theme was my next strength. I believe this goes along with the communication theme. I love to mentor or teach without being overwhelmed with too many details. I bond and work well with co-workers who tell me what they want to accomplish in life. I have close companions who frequently seek my guidance. I want everyone to like me or find me valuable.

      The activator theme described me very well. Especially the part that said these types of people are often impatient. This would be one characteristic that I would like to strengthen. I am assertive and want certain people to like me and do what I tell them to do. I like to get everyone to concentrate on performing one task at a time to keep it simple. Another characteristic I would like to build on would be to stay calm in a storm. I get easily overwhelmed if I have many jobs to complete simultaneously. I have had to learn to focus on one thing at a time. But as soon as I make up my mind on what I want to do, I am eager to get started. People who interfere with my progress can irritate me.

      I could improve on these five strengths as a leader by understanding that not everyone is the same type of person. By nature, I want them all to be, but dealing with different personalities and ethics makes it a challenge to get the same results from everyone. Finding each person’s strengths and building on them can help me know who to assign specific tasks to and who might need extra motivation to succeed. I tend to be disappointed when those results are not what they should be. Setting different goals or better expectations depending on the situation can be something I work on by having more patience and understanding that we can do all things with time and more effort.

      References

      Broome, M., & Marshall, E. S. (2021). Transformational leadership in nursing: From expert clinician to influential leader (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Springer.

      Hughes, V. (2019). Nurse leader impact. Nursing Management (Springhouse), 50 (4), 42-49. DOI: 10.1097/01.NUMA.0000554338.47637.23.

      Bracamonte, L. M. & Gonzalez-Argote, J. (2022). Leadership style in heads of nursing services and it´s relationship in job satisfaction. Revista Científica Arbitrada de La Fundación MenteClara, 7(0).
      https://doi.org/10.32351/rca.v7.265

      Rath, T. (2007). Strengths Finder 2.0

      insight-guide-501-0-71578335-20220224190854301000000-TQvfK2.pdf Clifton Strength Finder Assessment.docx

      File Clifton Strength Finder Assessment.docx (764.1 KB)

      Discussions

       

      Organizational Policies and Practices to Support Healthcare Issues

      Quite often, nurse leaders are faced with ethical dilemmas, such as those associated with choices between competing needs and limited resources. Resources are finite, and competition for those resources occurs daily in all organizations.

      For example, the use of 12-hour shifts has been a strategy to retain nurses. However, evidence suggests that as nurses work more hours in a shift, they commit more errors. How do effective leaders find a balance between the needs of the organization and the needs of ensuring quality, effective, and safe patient care?

      In this Discussion, you will reflect on a national healthcare issue and examine how competing needs may impact the development of polices to address that issue.

      To Prepare:

      • Review the Resources and think about the national healthcare issue/stressor you previously selected for study in Module 1.
      • Reflect on the competing needs in healthcare delivery as they pertain to the national healthcare issue/stressor you previously examined.

      RESOURCES TO REVIEW

       Code of Ethics for Nurses With Interpretive Statements (View Only for Members and Non-Members) (nursingworld.org) 

       Ethical Nursing Care Versus Cost Containment: Considerations to Enhance RN Practice (nursingworld.org) 

       Ethical Awareness: What It Is and Why It Matters (nursingworld.org) 

      Discussions

      Identify and evaluate the market program activities/7Ps and the inherent product attributes perceived by customers/buyers and supply chain members. (Brand: m&m’s chocolate)

      Discussions

      That is my 5 signatiure theme

      Many years of research conducted by The Gallup Organization suggest that the most effective people are those who understand their strengths and behaviors. These people are best able to develop strategies to meet and exceed the demands of their daily lives, their careers, and their families. A review of the knowledge and skills you have acquired can provide a basic sense of your abilities, but an awareness and understanding of your natural talents will provide true insight into the core reasons behind your consistent successes. Your Signature Themes report presents your five most dominant themes of talent, in the rank order revealed by your responses to StrengthsFinder. Of the 34 themes measured, these are your “top five.” Your Signature Themes are very important in maximizing the talents that lead to your successes. By focusing on your Signature Themes, separately and in combination, you can identify your talents, build them into strengths, and enjoy personal and career success through consistent, near-perfect performance.

      Achiever

      Your Achiever theme helps explain your drive. Achiever describes a constant need for achievement. You feel as if every day starts at zero. By the end of the day you must achieve something tangible in order to feel good about yourself. And by “every day” you mean every single day—workdays, weekends, vacations. No matter how much you may feel you deserve a day of rest, if the day passes without some form of achievement, no matter how small, you will feel dissatisfied. You have an internal fire burning inside you. It pushes you to do more, to achieve more. After each accomplishment is reached, the fire dwindles for a moment, but very soon it rekindles itself, forcing you toward the next accomplishment. Your relentless need for achievement might not be logical. It might not even be focused. But it will always be with you. As an Achiever you must learn to live with this whisper of discontent. It does have its benefits. It brings you the energy you need to work long hours without burning out. It is the jolt you can always count on to get you started on new tasks, new challenges. It is the power supply that causes you to set the pace and define the levels of productivity for your work group. It is the theme that keeps you moving.

      Self-Assurance

      Self-Assurance is similar to self-confidence. In the deepest part of you, you have faith in your strengths. You know that you are able—able to take risks, able to meet new challenges, able to stake claims, and, most important, able to deliver. But Self-Assurance is more than just self-confidence. Blessed with the theme of Self-assurance, you have confidence not only in your abilities but in your judgment. When you look at the world, you know that your perspective is unique and distinct. And because no one sees exactly what you see, you know that no one can make your decisions for you. No one can tell you what to think. They can guide. They can suggest. But you alone have the authority to form conclusions, make decisions, and act. This authority, this final accountability for the living of your life, does not intimidate you. On the contrary, it feels natural to you. No matter what the situation, you seem to know what the right decision is. This theme lends you an aura of certainty. Unlike many, you are not easily swayed by someone else’s arguments, no matter how persuasive they may be. This Self-Assurance may be quiet or loud, depending on your other themes, but it is solid. It is strong. Like the keel of a ship, it withstands many different pressures and keeps you on your course.

      Futuristic

      “Wouldn’t it be great if . . .” You are the kind of person who loves to peer over the horizon. The future fascinates you. As if it were projected on the wall, you see in detail what the future might hold, and this detailed picture keeps pulling you forward, into tomorrow. While the exact content of the picture will depend on your other strengths and interests—a better product, a better team, a better life, or a better world—it will always be inspirational to you. You are a dreamer who sees visions of what could be and who cherishes those visions. When the present proves too frustrating and the people around you too pragmatic, you conjure up your visions of the future and they energize you. They can energize others, too. In fact, very often people look to you to describe your visions of the future. They want a picture that can raise their sights and thereby their spirits. You can paint it for them. Practice. Choose your words carefully. Make the picture as vivid as possible. People will want to latch on to the hope you bring.

      Connectedness

      Things happen for a reason. You are sure of it. You are sure of it because in your soul you know that we are all connected. Yes, we are individuals, responsible for our own judgments and in possession of our own free will, but nonetheless we are part of something larger. Some may call it the collective unconscious. Others may label it spirit or life force. But whatever your word of choice, you gain confidence from knowing that we are not isolated from one another or from the earth and the life on it. This feeling of Connectedness implies certain responsibilities. If we are all part of a larger picture, then we must not harm others because we will be harming ourselves. We must not exploit because we will be exploiting ourselves. Your awareness of these responsibilities creates your value system. You are considerate, caring, and accepting. Certain of the unity of humankind, you are a bridge builder for people of different cultures. Sensitive to the invisible hand, you can give others comfort that there is a purpose beyond our humdrum lives. The exact articles of your faith will depend on your upbringing and your culture, but your faith is strong. It sustains you and your close friends in the face of life’s mysteries.

      Relator

      Relator describes your attitude toward your relationships. In simple terms, the Relator theme pulls you toward people you already know. You do not necessarily shy away from meeting new people—in fact, you may have other themes that cause you to enjoy the thrill of turning strangers into friends—but you do derive a great deal of pleasure and strength from being around your close friends. You are comfortable with intimacy. Once the initial connection has been made, you deliberately encourage a deepening of the relationship. You want to understand their feelings, their goals, their fears, and their dreams; and you want them to understand yours. You know that this kind of closeness implies a certain amount of risk—you might be taken advantage of—but you are willing to accept that risk. For you a relationship has value only if it is genuine. And the only way to know that is to entrust yourself to the other person. The more you share with each other, the more you risk together. The more you risk together, the more each of you proves your caring is genuine. These are your steps toward real friendship, and you take them willingly.

      THE ASSIGNMENT

      Your Leadership Profile

      Do you believe you have the traits to be an effective leader? Perhaps you are already in a supervisory role, but as has been discussed previously, appointment does not guarantee leadership skills.

      How can you evaluate your own leadership skills and behaviors? You can start by analyzing your performance in specific areas of leadership. In this Discussion, you will complete Gallup’s StrengthsFinder assessment. This assessment will identify your personal strengths, which have been shown to improve motivation, engagement, and academic self-conference. Through this assessment, you will discover your top five themes—which you can reflect upon and use to leverage your talents for optimal success and examine how the results relate to your leadership traits.

      To Prepare:

      Reflect on the results of your Assessment, and consider how the results relate to your leadership traits.

      .Post a brief description of your results from the StrengthsFinder assessment. Then, briefly describe two core values, two strengths, and two characteristics that you would like to strengthen based on the results of your StrengthsFinder assessment. Be specific.

      Discussions

       After reading the short article in Documents and Resources answer the following questions  . You do not need to use the company that you use in this post for your MBA capstone, but you might want to. Remember all businesses even service businesses need to have a sourcing strategy.

      1. What is the trend for the industry that you are considering (cite)?
      2. What are the possibilities for sources for your business?
      3. Is “insourcing” or local sourcing an option? If so, why, if not, why (cite)?
      4. Are there any limited resources that would be needed for your company (cite)?
      5. Any government restrictions for your business? Any rebates (cite)?
      6. What else did you learn from this short article that might help you create competitive advantage for your business?

      https://www.supplychainquarterly.com/articles/272-3-steps-to-strategic-sourcing

      Discussions

        Required  reading

       

      Broome, M., & Marshall, E. S. (2021). Transformational leadership in nursing: From expert clinician to influential leader (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Springer.

      • Chapter 5, “Collaborative Leadership Contexts: It Is All About Working Together (pp. 155–178)
      • Chapter 8, “Creating and Shaping the Organizational Environment and Culture to Support Practice Excellence” (pp. 237–272)
      • Chapter 7, “Building Cohesive and Effective Teams” (pp. 212–231)

       Layout 1 (myamericannurse.com) 

      Work in Psychiatric unit

      see attached template

       How healthy is your workplace? 

      You may think your current organization operates seamlessly, or you may feel it has many issues. You may experience or even observe things that give you pause. Yet, much as you wouldn’t try to determine the health of a patient through mere observation, you should not attempt to gauge the health of your work environment based on observation and opinion. Often, there are issues you perceive as problems that others do not; similarly, issues may run much deeper than leadership recognizes.

      There are many factors and measures that may impact organizational health. Among these is civility. While an organization can institute policies designed to promote such things as civility, how can it be sure these are managed effectively? In this Discussion, you will examine the use of tools in measuring workplace civility.

      • Review the Resources and examine the Clark Healthy Workplace Inventory, found on page 20 of Clark (2015).
      • Review and complete the Work Environment Assessment Template in the Resources.

       a brief description of the results of your Work Environment Assessment. Based on the results, how civil is your workplace? Explain why your workplace is or is not civil. Then, describe a situation where you have experienced incivility in the workplace. How was this addressed? Be specific and provide examples.

      Discussions

      1st discussion

       

      The concept of civility in healthcare right now is of utmost importance. The industry has experienced significant challenges and pressures to adapt to a rapidly changing reality in the last two years. Nurses, specifically those on the frontline of providing care throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, have felt the full weight of increased expectations but fewer resources. Many nurses have been left feeling underappreciated, overworked, and now have an overall discontent with the healthcare system (El Ghaziri et al., 2022). The need for nurses is getting continually greater and greater therefore, it is necessary to address the incivility in healthcare in an attempt to improve nursing job satisfaction and desire to join and stay in the profession. Civility in healthcare looks like showing kindness, respect, and treating others with dignity. On the other hand, an environment that is incivil will have bullying, intimidation, manipulation, and disrespect (Clark, 2015). The key to creating a workplace that is civil is creating a culture that promotes civility and strongly opposes and condemns acts of incivility (Broome & Marshall, 2021).

      Cynthia Clark created a tool to assess the overall civility of a workplace. The tool scores a workplace on a scale of 20-100, with lower scores correlating to high levels of incivility and higher scores correlating with high levels of civility (Clark, 2015). I utilized the tool to assess the level of civility at my current workplace, and got a score of 58. According to this tool, my workplace has a barely healthy environment, and I would agree. My workplace is actively working to implement a culture of civility, but are just not quite there yet. I believe that the infrastructure to address incivility and make civility the standard are being developed within my healthsystem but consequences for incivility are lacking. A personal example of the incivility I have experienced in my workplace was not that long ago. I was working in a very busy COVID-19 Intensive Care Unit (ICU). I had been working on this unit since the first day our hospital had a COVID patient, so I felt like my knowledge of the standard of care given to these patients was pretty solid. As the new residents started their rotation with the ICU, I often felt that my concerns and assessments were being ignored and dismissed by the new resident team. Although I had been working with COVID patients for close to two years, and this was the new residents first rotation in the ICU, they somehow had a much better understanding of how to care for these patients than I did. When I would address my concerns with nursing management, and even the resident coordinator, I was dismissed and told that this was just the way things worked. By allowing the seasoned ICU nursing staff to be belittled, ignored, and dismissed by the resident team, it created a culture of hostility and incivility. By management refusing to take action to intervene in this situation, it resulted in many nurses leaving the unit to seek employment elsewhere, a huge loss for the healthsystem. 

      Nursing leaders are looking to current research on strategies to address incivility and create a culture of civility among their teams. One strategy that has been shown to be very effective is cognitive rehearsal. Cognitive rehearsal is when training is provided to help equip individuals to deal with instances of incivility in the moment that they happen. By practicing and rehearsing what to say, how to control your emotion, and to know when to walk away, one can learn to identify, confront and resolve incivility(Griffin & Clark, 2014). Health systems that are serious about creating a civil workplace should implement cognitive rehearsal training. 

      References 

      Broome, M., & Marshall, E. S. (2021). Creating and shaping the organizational environment and culture to support practice excellen. Transformational leadership in nursing: From expert clinician to influential leader (3rd ed.). pp. 237-272.  New York, NY: Springer.

      Clark, C. (2015). Conversations to inspire and promote a more civil workplace: Let’s end the silence that surrounds incivility. American Nurse Today 10(11). https://www.myamericannurse.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/ant11-CE-Civility-1023.pdf

      El Ghaziri, M., Johnson, S., Purpora, C., Simons, S., & Taylor, R. (2022). Registered Nurses’ Experiences With Incivility During the Early Phase of COVID-19 Pandemic: Results of a Multi-State Survey. Workplace health & safety, 70(3), 148–160. https://doi.org/10.1177/21650799211024867

      Griffin, M., & Clark, C. M. (2014). Revisiting Cognitive Rehearsal as an Intervention Against Incivility and Lateral Violence in Nursing: 10 Years Later. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 45(12), 535-542. http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/00220124-20141122-02

      2nd discussion

       

      The assessment of my work setting implied that I am currently in a moderately healthy setting. This twenty-question analysis used to assess the general health and civility in the atmosphere. In this analysis, each of the expressions can be independently rated on a range between one and five. A result of five implies the description is absolutely true, and one determining the depiction is absolutely incorrect. Surveys that generate this information are significant because they drive an all-encompassing aspect of civility in the organization. If not executed regularly, no one will grow aware of the degeneration in an establishment until the calamitous effects are observed. Routinely evaluating the work setting will grant early detection and intervention. The effect of an uncivil work setting can not only progress into a decline in patient care, but also acquire a significant financial cost (Schilpzand et al., 2016).

      When I finished the Healthy Workplace Inventory, I discovered many crucial areas that concluded in a decreased score. If these sectors could progress, my organization could become an extremely healthy work environment. Employee wellness is what I believe to be our lowest area. While there are various programs endorsed to hospital employees, no attempt is made to permit nursing staff to be present at any of these affairs. Due to the workflow for nursing staff, it is impractical to take part in any anticipated wellness affairs. The second area of weakness is poor workload distribution. Attempts are made at the beginning of shifts to stabilize workload, but as an organization, we do not do enough to redistribute work as the shift goes on. In the nursing profession, the setting is ever changing. What was thought to be an assign acceptable assignment at the beginning of a shift, can many times become a disastrous workload. As a facility, we should enhance our mid-shift interventions to harmonize workloads (Clark, 2013).

      An illustration of the failure to encourage a healthy work environment was when the corporation initiated a daily group exercise program. The objective was to bring employees together to promote fitness and health. Nevertheless, nurses with the inability to dissociate from their daily routines felt omitted from the project. To incorporate nursing staff in activities, planning the activities must comprise of a method for nursing staff to be covered and allowed to participate. Having the opportunity to dissociate from work for 45 minutes or so per shift to place attention on health would be extremely helpful in enhancing the health of the workforce comprehensively (Schilpzand et al., 2016).

      At present, no one has acknowledged the issues with nursing health promotion. Nonetheless, there is one resolution that could enhance the access nurses have to affairs organized around health. By having a nurse that could assume care of patients and relieve other nurses to partake in engagements throughout the shift, nursing staff could be present at events and have the affirmation their patients were getting good care. This method would assure the incorporation of nursing staff in affairs developed for staff health and enhance the general health of the work environment (Hossny & Sabra, 2021).

      One accepted approach to decrease workplace incivility is cognitive rehearsal. The main goal of cognitive rehearsal is to ensure all staff comprehend that uncivil conduct is unacceptable. For nurses, cognitive rehearsal can be an extremely helpful mechanism to develop a healthy work environment. Three strategies are utilized in the cognitive rehearsal comprising of partaking in didactic guidance, researching and reiterating particular phrases utilized during uncivil encounters, and taking part in practice sessions to strengthen instruction and rehearsal. By putting cognitive rehearsal into action, the employee obtains knowledge on not only civil conduct, but rehearses to construct a real comprehension of practices that cripples the workplace (Clark, 2018).

      In closing, the Civility Index is a solid indicator employed to gauge concepts of civility, generate recognition, and promote group debates regarding recognized conditions of civility in the work setting. The Workplace Civility Index may be done as an independent activity, or collectively to make similarities between insights of workplace civility and delineate sections of strength and enhancement. It has been utilized in various programs and work environments to refine healthcare workers’ understanding of the effect of incivility on workforce traditions and patient safety (Hossny & Sabra, 2021).

      Discussions

      image1.emf

      Work Environment Assessment Template

      Use this document to complete the Module 4
      Workplace Environment Assessment
      .

      Summary of Results – Clark Healthy Workplace Inventory

      Identify two things that surprised you about the results. Also identify one idea that you believed prior to conducting the Assessment that was confirmed.

      What do the results of the Assessment suggest about the health and civility of your workplace?

      Briefly describe the theory or concept presented in the article(s) you selected.

      Explain how the theory or concept presented in the article(s) relates to the results of your Work Environment Assessment.

      Explain how your organization could apply the theory highlighted in your selected article(s) to improve organizational health and/or create stronger work teams. Be specific and provide examples.

      General Notes/Comments

      Work Environment Assessment

      Template

      © 2018 Laureate Education Inc.

      4

      Discussions

        

      Week 2 Discussion 

      Have you ever read something that you suspected was fake news? In this week’s reading, you will learn about strategies for determining if a source is credible. One of those strategies is the CRAAP Test.

      • Currency: Is the      information up to date?
      • Relevance: Is the      information relevant to your research needs?
      • Authority: Who is the      source of the information?
      • Accuracy: How reliable      and truthful is the information? Can the information be verified?
      • Purpose: Why does the      information exist?

      How can the CRAAP Test help you when you look at news and articles in the future?

      At a minimum, please respond in a paragraph of at least 5–7 sentences to fully address this question. Then, be sure to respond to at least one of your classmate’s posts with a substantial response. Also, be sure to respond in your own words!

      Good afternoon Professor and classmates,

       “If you don’t read the news, you are uninformed. If you do read the news, you are misinformed” -Mark Twain. This quote is one of my favorites for many reasons. One of which is how the media twists and bends stories to fit whatever narrative they are trying to sell. The CRAAP test is vital when deciding if the article you are reading is legitimate or not. I do not trust sources unless the domain on the URL ends with .org, .edu, or in some cases, .gov. Finding the published date of an article is critical because some media sights will rerelease content from a year back to reopen a topic that may be trending due to political polls or a disaster happening in the world. The media knows viewers are vulnerable and will sell this story, not caring whom it may affect or how it could destroy someone’s reputation. Following these principles of the CRAAP test will ensure you only retain rich and valid information. If you are reading sources that don’t pertain to the three domains I previously mentioned, make sure you take that information with a grain of salt and conduct your analysis with the CRAAP test! 

      Brian

      • a month ago
      • 15

      Discussions

      1

      The Bible and American Culture
      Bible’s Importance and Influence in American History and Culture
      Among the exhibits in the Dunham Bible Museum is a collection of “original leaves from rare and
      historic Bibles printed in the Colonies and the United States during the seventeenth, eighteenth,
      and nineteenth centuries.” Collected, carefully framed, and described by noted book collector
      Michael Zinman, the exhibit provides an excellent survey of the printing history of the American
      Bible. Besides Zinman’s descriptions, the collection includes a preface on “The Bible and
      American Culture,” by Mark Noll, which follows.

      THE BIBLE AND AMERICAN CULTURE (n.d.)
      By Mark A. Noll, McManis Professor of Christian Thought, Wheaton College

      The Bible has been a permanent fixture in American culture since the beginning of the
      European settlement of North America. A few random facts are enough to suggest the
      dimensions of the Bible’s presence in our early history. The first English book published in
      North America was The Whole Booke of Psalmes Faithfully Translated into English Meter in
      1640. Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, thought the miracle stories of
      the Bible were “a ground work of vulgar ignorance, . . . of superstitions, fanaticisms, and
      fabrications,” and yet he spent nights during his first term as president preparing his own
      edition of Jesus’ sayings (in Greek, Latin, and French) and he read the gospels daily for the
      last forty years of his life. [i] Throughout the nineteenth century American settlers regularly
      named their communities after biblical places: Zoar, Ohio (Genesis 13:10); Ruma, Illinois (II
      Kings 23:36); Mount Tirzah, North Carolina (Joshua 12:24); and Zela, West Virginia (Joshua
      18:28), as well as 47 variations on Bethel, 61 on Eden and 95 on Salem. When in 1842 the
      Roman Catholic Bishop of Philadelphia, Francis Patrick Kenrick, petitioned the city officials to
      allow school children of his faith to hear readings from the Douay-Rheims translation of the
      Bible instead of the King James Version, the city’s Protestants rioted and tried to burn down
      Philadelphia’s Catholic churches.

      Reflecting on such a heritage, Perry Miller, a noted twentieth-century historian, once
      commented on the place of Scripture in this early period. By so doing he neatly summed up
      both the power of Scripture as a norm for American consciousness and the difficulty in
      specifying the cultural place of the Bible in America when he wrote, “The Old Testament is
      truly so omnipresent in the American culture of 1800 or 1820 that historians have as much
      difficulty taking cognizance of it as of the air people breathed.” [ii] However difficult it may be
      to define the impact of the Bible on ordinary people precisely, Scripture has always been
      extraordinarily potent in American life. The printing history of the Bible, its application to
      politics, and its presence in popular culture all testify to that power.

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      Throughout their entire history Americans have sustained a substantial rate of Bible
      publication, and an even greater appetite for literature about the Bible. Publication of the
      Bible has been a lucrative business in America, but not without peril. Before the
      Revolutionary War the publication of English-language Bibles was prohibited in America,
      since the king’s printers in England enjoyed an exclusive copyright for printing the Authorized
      or King James Version. This meant that the first Bibles printed on this side of the Atlantic were
      in languages other than English. In 1743, Christoph Saur of Pennsylvania brought out an
      edition of Martin Luther’s Bible on type carried from Frankfurt, Germany, and so established
      his family as America’s leading publisher for readers of German. Even earlier the Bible had
      made its appearance in native tongues. Spanish Franciscans were translating biblical liturgies
      and Catholic devotional literature for the Rimucuan Indians of Florida in the sixteenth and
      very early seventeenth centuries before permanent English settlements ever existed in New
      England. Decades later the Massachusetts Puritan minister John Eliot translated and printed
      the Bible into an Algonquian dialect. A New Testament was published in Cambridge,
      Massachusetts in 1661, and the entire Bible in 1663. Other laborers since Eliot, many of them
      active in the nineteenth century, have translated at least parts of the Bible into Apache,
      Cherokee, Cheyenne, Choctaw, Dakota, Hopi, Inupiat, Iroquoian, Kuskokwim, Mohawk,
      Muskogee, Navajo, Ojibwa, and other Native American languages.

      Once American printers began publishing their own editions of the King James Version after
      the War for Independence, the demand for locally printed Bibles expanded greatly. Robert
      Aitken, however, who printed the first English Bible in America, suffered very substantial
      losses in this endeavor and it was not until Isaac Collins in New Jersey and Isaiah Thomas in
      Massachusetts produced their editions of the Bible that significant profits were realized. All in
      all, there were almost one hundred editions of the Bible and New Testament printed during
      the last two decades of the eighteenth century. Mason Weems, who fabricated the story of
      Washington and the cherry tree, sometimes earned his living as a traveling Bible colporteur
      [book peddlar]. Shortly after 1800, Weems wrote from Virginia to his publisher in
      Philadelphia: “I tell you this is the very season and age of the Bible. Bible Dictionaries, Bible
      tales, Bible stories – Bibles plain or paraphrased, Carey’s Bibles, Collins’ Bibles, Clarke’s
      Bibles, Kimptor’s Bibles, no matter what or whose all, all will go down – so wide is the crater
      of public appetite at this time.” [iii]

      As successful as Bible publishing was in general, however, that success did not extend to the
      marketing of new translations. Not until the twentieth century and the publication of the
      American Standard Version in 1901, did the King James Version for Protestants and the
      Douay-Rheims version for Catholics even begin to give way as the overwhelmingly dominant
      Bibles of choice for Americans. Nineteenth-century publishers who promoted Bible
      translations tailored for their countrymen met great resistance. Noah Webster, father of the
      American dictionary, finished a translation of the Bible in 1833 that was shorn of British
      spellings and archaic usages. His contemporary, Andrew Comstock, devised a phonetic

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      “purfekt alfabet” for this “Filadelfia” New Testament in 1848. But neither these or other new
      translations won a following.
      The most important institution in the widespread distribution of the Bible in America was the
      American Bible Society.

      Since the early history of the United States, Bible societies have figured prominently in the
      distribution of Scripture. Although Britain had the first important Bible society, American
      groups soon caught up to their British colleagues. After its founding in 1816, the American
      Bible Society boldly exploited new printing technologies to aid its effort. Soon it was
      publishing more than 70,000 volumes per year on eight presses running continuously all year.
      By 1830, its annual production reached over 300,000 Bibles per year, and that at a time when
      the national population was not quite 13,000,000 and when several individual denominations
      were so eagerly engaged in distributing the Bible In 1991, the ABS printed 2,283,000 Bibles in
      the United States with a population of 252,800,000.

      From the beginning the Bible also provided themes for Americans to define themselves as a
      people, and then as a nation. Puritans in New England though they were in covenant with
      God just like the Jews of the Old Testament. During the American Revolution countless
      preachers exploited the Scriptures to drive home their vision of a liberated America. In 1773, a
      South Carolina Presbyterian based a discourse on the virtues of home rule and the folly of
      government by a foreign power on Exodus 1:8 – “Touch not; taste not; handle not.” [iv] These
      creative forms of exegesis were repeated at other great moments of national crisis, especially
      as tensions rose between North and South. Early in the Civil War, for example, a southerner
      Presbyterian teased II Chronicles 6:34-65 (King Solomon’s prayer for success in battle for
      Israel) into a biblically worded analysis of the current crisis: “Eleven tribes sought to go forth
      in peace from the house of political bondage, but the heart of our modem Pharaoh is
      hardened, that he will not let Israel go.” [v] In the North one of the more than 400 sermons
      published after the assassination of Lincoln was an exposition of II Samuel 18:32, where David
      laments the treacherous slaying of his son, Absalom. After examining the text, the preacher
      concluded that no one “will be able to separate in thought the murder of the president from
      (Jefferson) Davis’ persistent effort to murder the Union.” [vi]

      The first public political campaigns of the 1830’s were modeled directly on the organized
      enthusiasm and passionate rhetoric of the religious revival. In the intense sectional strife
      leading to the Civil War the Bible’s message championed the argument of both contenders. In
      the South, passages like Leviticus 25:45 (“the children of the strangers that do sojourn among
      you. . . they shall be your possession”) defined the righteousness of their cause. In the North
      favored passages, usually from the New Testament, like Galatians 5: 1 (“Stand fast. . . in the
      liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free”), did the same. Abraham Lincoln, in his Second
      Inaugural Address, put the Civil War into perspective by quoting Matthew 18:7 and Psalm 19:9

      4

      and by noting that “Both [sides] read the same Bible.”

      If anything, the Bible was even more obviously at work in the popular culture of African-
      Americans than among whites. Slaves made a sharp distinction between the Bible their
      owners preached to them and the Bible they discovered for themselves. Under slavery
      stringent regulations often existed against unsupervised preaching and sometimes even
      against owning Bibles. One bondsman left this disgruntled summary of the preaching his
      owners provided: “‘Serve your masters. Don’t steal your master’s turkey. Don’t steal your
      master’s chickens. Don’ steal your master’s hogs. Don’t steal your master’s meat. Do
      whatsoever your master tells you to do.’ Same old thing all de time.” [vii] But, with
      permission or not, slaves made special effort to hear black preachers. One slave left this
      striking testimony: “a yellow [light-complexioned] man preached to us. She [the slave owner]
      had him preach how we ought to obey our master and missy if we want to go to heaven, but
      when she wasn’t there, he came out with straight preachin’ from the Bible.” [viii]

      Blacks sang and preached about Adam and Eve and the Fall, about “wrestlin’ Jacob” who
      “would not let [God] go,” about Moses and the exodus from Egypt, about Daniel in the lions’
      den, about Jonah in the belly of the fish, about the birth of Jesus and his death and future
      return. The figure of Moses assumed a special importance among slaves as the one whom
      God had raised up to free his people. To the hope of liberation in this world, the slaves added
      a concentration on the figure of Jesus, who suffered innocently and who ministered
      particularly to the oppressed, as the source of hope for the future. Grateful blacks from
      Baltimore in September 1864 presented President Lincoln with a pulpit Bible bound in violet-
      tinted velvet, finished in gold, with a raised design depicting the emancipation of the slaves,
      which cost far more than the average per capita income of white Americans. In response,
      Lincoln called the Bible, “the best gift God has given to man.” [ix] The slaves’ profound
      embrace of Scripture created a climate of Bible reading and biblical preaching that has
      continued among African Americans since the Civil War.

      In the popular media, Scripture has been just as omnipresent as in politics. Fiction, hymns,
      and poetry employing biblical themes have always made up a huge proportion of American
      publishing. Composers William Billings (1746-1800), John Knowles Paine (1839-1906), and
      many others who followed, wrote musical settings for the Psalms. Among the populace at
      large the flood of sheet music, hymnals, chorus books, and gospel songs has never ebbed. In
      the nineteenth century one of the most frequently reprinted sheet-music titles was “My
      Mother’s Bible”. Its first appearance (1843) evoked an emotional domestic ideal: “My
      mother’s hands this Bible clasped/She dying gave it me.”

      5

      American writers of popular fiction have always drawn on biblical materials. Biblical allusions
      feature prominently in their work of authors who have become the object of critical study;
      Melville’s Moby Dick begins with “Call me Ishmael.” Melville, in turn, used a biblical
      phraseology to describe the secret of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s literary power: “Certain it is . . .
      that this great power of blackness in him derives its force from its appeal to that Calvinistic
      sense of Innate Depravity and Original Sin, from whose visitation, in some shape or other, no
      deeply thinking mind is always and wholly free. . . . Perhaps no writer has ever wielded this
      terrific thought with greater terror than this harmless Hawthorne.” [x]

      Academic critics generally have not responded favorably to stories drawn directly from
      biblical materials, but the American people have ever been a receptive audience. The first
      important novel of this kind was William Ware’s Julian: Or, Scenes in Judea (1856), which
      described gospel events through the letters of its fictional protagonist. General Lew
      Wallace’s Ben Hur (1880), which climaxed in the now-famous chariot race, is probably the
      supreme example of biblical fiction. James Garfield wrote his personal thanks to Wallace
      from the White House, and it soon became a great success with the public at large (in no
      small part because Sears and Roebuck printed up a million inexpensive copies). Ben Hur was
      also the inspiration for an immensely successful touring drama (complete with surging horses
      on a treadmill) and, later in the twentieth century, two motion pictures.

      The Bible as a theme in popular communications is hardly exhausted by songs, poems,
      stories, and movies. In the visual arts, biblical materials have provided inspiration for German
      immigrants embellishing needlework with Fraktur letters, lithographers like Currier and Ives,
      countless painters at countless levels of ability, and a few masters acclaimed by both public
      and critics (among them Edward Hicks who in the mid- nineteenth century painted several
      versions of The Peaceable Kingdom). Since the beginning of mass-marketed religious objects
      about the time of the Civil War, both Catholics and Protestants have purchased quantities of
      pictures, statues, games, children’s toys, paperweights, jewelry, clothing greeting cards,
      calendars, and business cards decorated with biblical motifs.

      Allene Stuart Phy once observed that there is often a “ludicrous discrepancy. . . between the
      ancient wisdom of the Scriptures and the vulgarities of American popular culture.” But Phy
      also saw clearly that even these “vulgarities” show the “profound ways in which the holy
      books of the Jewish and Christian religious relate to [the] lives of Americans.” [xi]
      The impact of the Bible on American culture is hardly exhausted, however, by referring to its
      printing history, political impact, and exploitation in popular culture. The heart of Scripture’s
      presence has always been religious, and so its importance is not always defined by the visible
      events of public life. In the end the story of the Bible in American will not fully be told until
      some understanding exists of how the Bible has sustained the ordinary lives of ordinary
      people in ordinary situations.

      6

      By no means has the Bible been the only center of cultural value in the American past. Many
      other competitors-political, social, economic, artistic, and ethnic- have been present as well,
      often with great force. But at least until sometime in the late nineteenth century or early in
      the twentieth, the Bible existed as the most coherent, the most widely respected, and the
      most powerful of those means by which Americans ordered their daily existence and made
      sense of the universe in which they lived.

      [i] Jefferson’s Extracts from the Gospels (The Papers of Thomas Jefferson: Second Series), ed.
      Dickinson W. Adams (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983, p. 326.
      [ii] Perry Miller, “The Garden of Eden and the Deacon’s Meadow,” American Heritage, Dec.
      1955, p.54.
      [iii] Quoted by Garry Wills, “Mason Weems, Bibliopolist, “American Heritage, Feb-Mar. 1982, p.
      81.
      [iv] “David Ramsay” as quoted in Princetonians 1748-1768: A Biographical Dictionary, ed.
      James McLachlan (Princeton: University Press, 1962), p. 518.
      [v] Benjamin M. Palmer, National Responsibility Before God (New Orleans. 1861).5: as quoted
      in James W. Silver, Confederate Morale and Church Propaganda (Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith,
      1964 [orig. 1957]), p.27.
      [vi] Henry A. Nelson, The Divinely Prepared Ruler, and the Fit End of Treason (Springfield. IL,
      1865), p. 32.
      [vii] Quoted in Charles V. Hamilton, The Black Preacher in America (New York: William Morrow,
      1972), pp.38-39.
      [viii] Quoted in ibid.
      [ix] The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. VII: 1863-1864, ed. Roy P. Basler (New Brunswick,
      NJ: Rutgers University press, 1953) p. 542.
      [x] Herman Melville, “Hawthorne and His Mosses,” first published in New York Literary
      World, Aug. 17 & 24, 1850; taken here from The Norton Anthology of American Literature, Vol. I,
      ed. Ronald Gottesman et al. (New York: W. W. Norton, 1979), p. 2060.
      [xi] Allene Stuart Phy, ed. The Bible and Popular Culture in America (Philadelphia: Fortress,
      1985), p. vii.

      Used by permission of The Haydn Foundation of the Cultural Arts.

      Discussions

      Question Description

      Week Four | Search Warrants and Subpoenas

      Overview

      Overview

      This week’s class covers Search Warrants and Subpoenas

      This week’s topics:

      • What is a search
        When is it legal
      • Warrantless search
      • Review the weekly reading and viewing assignments
      • Review this week’s lab discussion

        Required Readings

        Required ReadingsRead Chapter 3 of the Graves text, Search Warrants and Subpoenas.Primary topics:

        • Elements of Obtaining a Warrant
        • Plain View Doctrine
        • The warrantless search

        Week Four Discussion

        Week Four DiscussionUsing the Web or other resources, find a case where an illegal search was claimed.Write a brief essay describing that case and how it relates to this week’s topic.Read and respond to at least two other students Discussions.Post your initial response by the end of day on Thursday and reply to at least two other students by the end of day on Sunday.Post between 200 and 300 words.

      Week 4 Discussion

      Week 4 Discussion

      Discuss, in your own words using 500 words or more, how virtualization may create it’s own security vulnerabilities.

      Use at least three sources. Use the Research Databases available from the Danforth Library not Google. Include at least 3 quotes from your sources enclosed in quotation marks and cited in-line by reference to your reference list. Example: “words you copied” (citation) These quotes should be one full sentence not altered or paraphrased. Cite your sources using APA format. Use the quotes in your paragaphs. Stand alone quotes will not count toward the 3 required quotes.

      Copying without attribution or the use of spinbot or other word substitution software will result in a grade of 0.

      Write in essay format not in bulleted, numbered or other list format.

      Do not use attachments as a submission.